On this day: Sweden’s move to the Gregorian Calendar

Pope Gregory XIII, portrait by Lavinia Fontana.Gregory_XIII

Pope Gregory XIII, portrait by Lavinia Fontana.

The 17th of February 1753 was Sweden’s last day of following the Julian calendar. The country moved to the Gregorian calendar, named for Pope Gregory XIII, the following day. The Gregorian calendar is the one used in Western society today.

Because of the change, the 17th of February was followed by the 1st of March.

On this day: the fall of Singapore in 1942

Surrendering troops of the Suffolk Regiment are held at gunpoint by Japanese infantry.

Suffolk Regiment troops held at gunpoint by Japanese infantry.

The Battle of Singapore ended on the 15th of February 1942, when Singapore fell to the Japanese.

Japanese_shooting_blindfolded_Sikh_prisonersJapanese soldiers shooting blindfolded Sikh prisoners

Japanese soldiers shooting Sikh prisoners

Japanese_air_raid_on_singapore_-_February_8_1942

Japanese air raid on the 8th of February 1942.

Fighting in Singapore, at the time a major base for British soldiers, began on the 8th of February.

Hawker Hurricane of No. 232 Squadron RAF shot down on 8 February 1942.

Hawker Hurricane of No. 232 Squadron RAF shot down on 8 February.

The fall of Singapore was the largest fall of British-led troops in history, with some 80 000 British, Australian and Indian troops becoming prisoners of war.

LieutenantGeneral Arthur Percival led by a Japanese officer walks under a flag of truce to negotiate the capitulation of Allied forces in Singapore on 15 February 1942

Lieutenant-General Arthur Percival walks under a flag of truce to negotiate the capitulation of Allied forces

Many Australian and British soldiers died in captivity in the infamous Changi Prison.

On this day: Michigan State University established in 1855

Michigan State University was established on the 12th of February, 1855. At the time, it was known as the Agricultural College of the State of Michigan.

 800px-MSU_Laboratory_Row_1912_sepiaMSU's Laboratory Row in 1912

MSU’s Laboratory Row in 1912.

When classes began in May 1857, the college consisted of three buildings, five faculty members and sixty-three male students.

 800px-MSU_Morrill_Hall_1912_sepiaMorrill Hall in 1912, known at the time as the Women's Building

Morrill Hall, known at the time as the “Women’s Building” photographed in 1912.

The college officially allowed women to study from the 1870s, but it took some time for facilities to be established for them.

On this day: The Blitz, 1943.

“Two bewildered old ladies stand amid the levelled ruins of the alms-house which was Home; until Jerry dropped his bombs. Total war knows no bounds.”

Alms-house bombed Feb. 10, Newbury, Berks., England. Photograph taken 11th February, 1943.

Source

ww2Two bewildered old ladies stand amid the levelled ruins of the almshouse which was HomeAlmshouse bombed  10 Newbury   Photograph taken 11th February