The 4th of August, 1845 was the date of the deadliest ship sinking in Australia’s history.
The British barque Cataraqui (also known as Cataraque) was cast onto jagged rocks and sank off the south-west coast of Bass Strait.
The ship had departed from Liverpool, England and was heading to Melbourne, Australia with 410 people (369 emigrants and 41 crew) on board. 400 people died in the sinking.
Before the sinking one crew member had already been lost overboard, five babies had been born and six others had died.
After the sinking, eight crew members survived by clinging to wreckage and one passenger, a man named Solomon Brown also survived.
The nine survivors were stranded on King Island for five weeks until being rescued.