On the 1st of December, 1864, a fire swept through Brisbane, in the Australian colony of Queensland.
Dozens of homes were lost, alongside banks, hotels and small businesses. The damage was made worse because there was no water supply, and any firefighting services were poorly organised
As much of Brisbane was built from timber, the fire was able to travel fast and destroy many buildings.
During rebuilding, brick and stone became much more popular materials to use.