On this day: British troops in Dublin

British troops at a roadblock outside Cassidy’s Grocery in Dublin, Ireland on the 30th of April, 1916. This is the day after the conclusion of the Easter Rising, a failed Irish rebellion against rule from Britain.

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Easter-Rising-File photo dated 30-04-1916 of British troops at a road block outside Cassidy's Grocery during the Easter Rising in Dublin, 1916.

On this day: the executions of Benito Mussolini and Clara Petacci

Mussolini_biografiaBenito MussoliniClara Petacci mistress of Benito Mussolini

Italy’s Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini, and Clara Petacci, his mistress, were executed by partisans in the northern Italian village of Giulino di Mezzegra on the 28th of April, 1945.

25-aprile-1945-prefettura-di-milanoprobabilmente-lultima-foto-da-vivo3Benito Mussolini leaving the prefecture in Milan on 25 April 1945. Last photo of him alive.

Believed to be the last photograph of Mussolini, taken three days before his death.

Mussolini_e_Petacci_a_Piazzale_Loreto,_1945

Mussolini, second from left, and Petacci, centre.

Alongside a number of others, the bodies of both Mussolini and Petacci were hung on display in Milan the following day. Mussolini’s wife was not present at the time of his execution.

On this day: the Port Arthur Massacre

Today is the twentieth anniversary of the Port Arthur massacre that occurred in Tasmania, Australia.

This mass shooting (Australia’s last) at one of the nation’s most famous historic sites and tourist attractions was committed by a twenty-eight year old gunman by the name of Martin Bryant. Thirty-five people were killed and twenty-three others were wounded.

When Australia had a mass killing … it was just so shocking the entire country said Well we're going to completely change our gun laws and they did. And it hasn't happened since.

The massacre shocked Australians so much that they immediately changed the nation’s gun laws, and embarked on a gun buyback scheme that saw thousands of weapons surrendered.

1996 After Port Arthur Australia puts an end to mass shootings with a gun buyback scheme.

Crazed killer Martin Bryant. Port Arthur Massacre.

Martin Bryant

Australia has not has a mass shooting in two decades.

On this day: the Rhythm Club fire

rhythm-club-natchez-fire-victims

On the 23rd of April, 1940 a packed club in Natchez, Mississippi caught fire, killing 209 people and seriously wounding many others.

It remains one of the worst fires in US history.

OTD-April-23---Rhythm-Club-fire-jpg

Because windows and possible escape routes had been boarded up to prevent people outside from enjoying the music, very few people could escape. Most of the victims were African-American.

The 1884 Colchester Earthquake

Col earthquake 2

The back of the Ship at Launch pub in Wivenhoe.

On the 22nd of April, 1884 an earthquake hit Colchester, England. The disaster occurred at 9:18am.

InTheHytheColchester Earthquake 1884

The earthquake measured 4.6 on the Richter scale, and was the most destructive in four-hundred years of recorded English history, even though it was not the strongest in the history of Britain.

A fine brick mansion at Great Wigborough showing damage caused by the 1884 earthquake.

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The damage occurred in Colchester as well as in surrounding areas of the county of Essex.

THE GREAT ENGLISH EARTHQUAKE

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Some reports claimed that between two and five people were killed in the quake, but the actual number of deaths is unclear.

Wick Farm Colchester 1884

Thousands of homes were lost, leaving many people homeless.

Earthquake damage at Langenhoe, Essex, in 1884.

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Additionally, Langenhoe Church was badly damaged, as was the rectory next door.