On this day: the sinking of the SS Admiral Nakhimov

On the 31st of August, 1986 Soviet passenger liner the SS Admiral Nakhimov collided with another ship and sank in the Black Sea. 423 of the 1234 people on board, most of them Ukrainian, were killed.

The Nakhimov began its life as a German hospital ship in World War Two, and was later remodelled by the Soviets.

The ship sank so fast that there was no time to release the lifeboats, which resulted in such severe casualties.

The communist officials did not allow the disaster to be reported for forty-eight hours.

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Berlin_(III)SS Admiral Nakhimov (Адмирал Нахимов), launched in March 1925 and originally named SS Berlin III, was a passenger liner of the German Weimar Republic later converted to a hospital ship, then a Soviet passenger ship.

 

 

On this Day: the invention of Pepsi-Cola

574px-Pepsi_Cola_logo_1902_svgThe first logo used by Pepsi from 1898 to 1905.

The original Pepsi logo. X

Carbonated soft drink Pepsi, invented by American pharmacist Caleb Bradham, had its official birthday on the 28th of August, 1898.

Caleb_Davis_BradhamPhotograph of Caleb Davis Bradham (1867-1934), inventor of Pepsi-Cola.

Caleb Bradham circa 1900 X

Aged thirty-one at the time, Bradham had been selling the drink under the name “Brad’s Drink” in his North Carolina store. The name was changed to Pepsi-Cola after pepsin and kola nuts, both ingredients in the drink.

 

On this day: John Jacob Astor

American businessman John Jacob Astor, photographed on the 25th of August, 1909. He was the richest man on the RMS Titanic when it sank in 1912. Returning from his honeymoon at the time, he put his wife on a lifeboat and was last seen alive having a cigarette with writer Jacques Futrelle an hour before the ship disappeared into the ocean.

John_Jacob_Astor_1909John Jacob Astor in 1909 The richest man on the Titanic. Photographed on the 25th of August 1909.

Fresh air for city babies…

1934 The baby cage, patented in the United States in 1922, was invented for babies in overcrowded urban areas to get some fresh air.

1934

The baby cage, patented in the United States in 1922, was invented for babies in overcrowded urban areas to get some fresh air. It was also promoted as a place to store toys for families living in small apartments, and a convenient place for babies’ naps.

A nanny is pictured supervising a baby suspended in a wire cage attached to the outside of a flat window in Chelsea, London in 1937.

Baby and nanny in Chelsea, London in 1937

Even though they look incredibly dangerous, the East Poplar borough of London made a promise to fix these devices to the sides of buildings.

Day of Remembrance

The 23rd of August is the European Day of Remembrance for Victims of Stalinism and Nazism.

The image below depicts Nazi Germany and Stalinist Russia attacking Ukraine, Lithuania, Belarus and Georgia.

August 23 - European Day of Remembrance for Victims of Stalinism and Nazism Ukraine Lithuania Belarus Georgia