The Christian Martyrs Of Nagasaki (painted 16th-17th century).
On the 5th of February, 1597, a group of Catholics were executed by crucifixion in Nagasaki, Japan.
The victims were four Spaniards, one Mexican, one Indian (all Franciscan missionaries), three Japanese Jesuits, and seventeen Japanese members of the Third Order of St Francis (including children).
The atrocity was carried out on the orders of Hideyoshi Toyotomi.
Generations later it was discovered that Japan had a community of underground “hidden Catholics” who had not been discouraged by the persecution.
The Catholic church of Nagasaki was ground zero when the atomic bomb was dropped in 1945 at the end of the Second World War.