On this day: a Royal Visit in Canada

King Edward VII came to power in January of 1901, upon the death of his mother, Queen Victoria. The King’s son and heir and his wife, the Duke of York and the Duchess of Cornwall, subsequently went on a world tour of British territories.

They are photographed here in Ottawa, Canada’s capital city, attending a lacrosse tournament on the 21st September.

Ottawa Canada Duke's visit, 21st September, 1901. Royal party at Lacrosse match. 1901 royal tour of Canada by Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York. Edwardian era.

That day the Duke also presented medals:

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On this day: Martin Luther King is Stabbed

http___a_amz_mshcdn_com_wp-content_uploads_2016_01_mlkstabbing-7Izola Curry under arrest after stabbing Martin Luther King in the chest 20th September 1958.

Izola Curry under arrest.

On the 20th of September, 1958 a woman by the name of Izola Curry approached US civil rights activist Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. in Blumstein’s Department Store in Harlem, New York. After confirming the man she was speaking to was King, she stabbed him in the chest with an ivory handled letter opener. It was also discovered Curry had a gun hidden in her bra.

The crime was considered especially unusual as Curry was African American.

Izola Curry http___a_amz_mshcdn_com_wp-content_uploads_2016_01_mlkstabbing-3On Sept. 20, 1958, 29-year-old Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was in Blumstein_s Department Store in Harlem.

Being treated with the blade still in his chest.

The blade was so close to King’s aorta that it was feared he’d die if he moved suddenly. The weapon was removed via surgery.

Izola Curry http___a_amz_mshcdn_com_wp-content_uploads_2016_01_mlkstabbing-3On Sept. 20, 1958, 29-year-old Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. in hospital with wife Coretta 30th September 1958

With his wife Coretta in hospital on the 30th of September.

Curry was committed to a mental institution, and continued to live in various facilities until her death at the age of ninety-eight in 2015.

More information can be found HERE and HERE.

Eighty Years Ago: Australia’s Women’s National Emergency Legion is Formed

Horsewoman in the Australian Women’s Emergency Legion. September 1939. X

The Women’s National Emergency Legion, an auxiliary organisation in Australia during the Second World War, was formed in September of 1938.

Based in Brisbane, Queensland, only women of British origin were allowed to join.

Article from The Morning Bulletin. Rockhampton. 18 November 1938.

Women considered eligible were provided with training in areas considered necessary to the war effort, such as first aid and truck driving.

Miss Tony Mitchell at Somerville House in Brisbane, 1942. Mitchell drove cars and trucks for the US Army. X

When war broke out in the Pacific at the end of 1941 women were attached to US military units to work as drivers and clerks. They also worked for British and Dutch units based in Australia.

The organisation ceased operations a couple of years after the end of the war.

On this day: the end of the United States Army Air Forces

Oer_the_ramparts_we_watch WW2 U.S. propaganda poster. Title O'er the ramparts we watch United States Army Air Forces. Size 63 × 48 cm (24.8 × 18.8 in). Signed and dated bottom left Sc

Propaganda recruitment poster dated 1944.

The United States Army Air Forces, the aerial warfare service used by the Americans in the Second World War, was officially disbanded on the 18th of September, 1947. Unlike some other nations, the United States had no separate air force at the time.

Women's Army Corps, Randolph Field, Texas, 1944.

Women’s Army Corps members at Randolph Field, Texas in 1944. X

The Forces, formed in 1941, the year the US entered the war, had been steadily diminished in size after the surrender of Japan in 1945. The service was replaced by the new and independent Air Force soon afterwards.

The_Sandman_a_B-24_Liberator,_piloted_by_Robert_SternfelsWorld War II shows The Sandman, piloted by Robert Sternfels, as it emerges from a pall of smoke during the TIDALWAVE mission Roma

1943 bombing campaign against oil fields in Romania.

During the war the USAAF took part in campaigns against both Nazi Germany and its allies, and in the Pacific.

On this day: Britain claims an islet.

On the 18th of September, 1955, Britain claimed Rockall. Situated in the North Atlantic Ocean, the uninhabited granite islet is 370 kilometres east of Scotland’s Outer Hebrides.

Lt. Cdr. Scott RN raises the Union Flag over Rockall on 18th September 1955, with the words, In the name of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth the Second, I hereby take posession of this Island

In the image above Lt. Cdr. Scott RN raises the Union Flag with the words:

‘In the name of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth the Second, I hereby take possession of this Island of Rockall.’

Royal Marine Commando Cpl. Alexander A. Fraser stands beside him.

Winter wave breaking over the island of Rockall. The wave's height over the steep West side may be estimated at 170 feet. Photographed from an RAF Coastal Command aircraft from RAF Aldergrove during World War II. 11 March 1943.

In March, 1943 a 170-foot wave crashing into the islet was photographed by the Royal Air Force.

On this day: Oxford Street during the Blitz

The damaged Peter Robinson department store at Oxford Circus, following a German air raid on London, September 1940. Second World War Two

Oxford Street, London’s famous shopping boulevard, suffered heavy damage from German bombing during the Second World War.

On the night of 17-18 September, 1940, some of London’s best-known establishments were hit.

This photograph shows the destroyed façade of the Peter Robinson department store at Oxford Circus. The business was founded in 1833.