On this day: the Battle of Agincourt

Morning of the Battle of Agincourt, 25th October 1415. By Sir John Gilbert (1817–1897). Painted 1884. 100 Years War

Morning of the Battle of Agincourt, 25th October 1415.

The Battle of Agincourt, part of the Hundred Years’ War between England and France and both kingdoms’ allies, was fought on the 25th of October, 1415, and resulted in an English victory.

This painting depicting the beginning of the battle was created by Sir John Gilbert in 1884.

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On this day: Leonardo da Vinci

Leonardo da Vinci Landscape drawing for Santa Maria della Neve on 5th August 1473 Arno Valley first known dated drawing by da Vinci

The first-known dated work by Leonardo da Vinci is from the 5th of August, 1473. The drawing – Landscape drawing for Santa Maria della Neve – was created during da Vinci’s time in Italy’s Arno valley in Tuscany.

Today the pen and ink work is located in the world-famous Uffizi Gallery in Florence.

On this day: Baghdad fell to the Mongols in 1258

The Siege of Baghdad ended on the 10th of February, 1258.

The Mongols began the siege on the 29th of January, and it was characterised by many atrocities, including the mass murder of civilians.

The siege is considered to mark the end of the Islamic Golden Age.

Illustration circa 1430

Mongols besieging Baghdad in 1258 circa 1430

On this day: the Rochester tornado of 1883

Minnesota was hit by a series of tornadoes in the summer of 1883, but the F5 tornado that hit Rochester was the worst.

It hit at 5:30pm on the 21st of August, and killed thirty-seven. Some two-hundred were injured.

The lack of hospital facilities in the area at the time resulted in the founding of the Mayo Clinic in 1889.

Damage from the Rochester, Minnesota tornado of 1883.

On this day: A child marriage in 1478

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A 19th century painting of the event by James Northcote

On the 15th of January, 1478, Anne de Mowbray, 8th Countess of Norfolk was married to Richard of Shrewsbury, 1st Duke of York. She was five years old at the time, and he around four (notice how the artist painted him as much bigger even though it wouldn’t have been the case).

Neither child would live to have a proper marriage, as Anne died at age eight, while Richard was to become one of the Princes in the Tower and disappeared five years after his wedding.

In 1965, Anne’s grave was accidentally dug up. It was reported she still had her red hair.