On this day: Baghdad fell to the Mongols in 1258

The Siege of Baghdad ended on the 10th of February, 1258.

The Mongols began the siege on the 29th of January, and it was characterised by many atrocities, including the mass murder of civilians.

The siege is considered to mark the end of the Islamic Golden Age.

Illustration circa 1430

Mongols besieging Baghdad in 1258 circa 1430

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On this day: the Rochester tornado of 1883

Minnesota was hit by a series of tornadoes in the summer of 1883, but the F5 tornado that hit Rochester was the worst.

It hit at 5:30pm on the 21st of August, and killed thirty-seven. Some two-hundred were injured.

The lack of hospital facilities in the area at the time resulted in the founding of the Mayo Clinic in 1889.

Damage from the Rochester, Minnesota tornado of 1883.

On this day: A child marriage in 1478

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A 19th century painting of the event by James Northcote

On the 15th of January, 1478, Anne de Mowbray, 8th Countess of Norfolk was married to Richard of Shrewsbury, 1st Duke of York. She was five years old at the time, and he around four (notice how the artist painted him as much bigger even though it wouldn’t have been the case).

Neither child would live to have a proper marriage, as Anne died at age eight, while Richard was to become one of the Princes in the Tower and disappeared five years after his wedding.

In 1965, Anne’s grave was accidentally dug up. It was reported she still had her red hair.