On the 12th of July, 1543, King Henry VIII married his sixth and final wife, Catherine Parr, at Hampton Court Palace.
This painting of Parr was mistakenly identified as Jane Grey for generations.
A detail of a 1561 painting of the Regent.
Miles Birket Foster’s 19th century painting of Linlithgow Palace
The assassin was James Hamilton of Bothwellhaugh, a supporter of Mary, Queen of Scots.
A nineteenth century depiction of the killing.
Some accounts of the execution were recorded centuries after it happened, making some facts a little bit unclear.
One version states that Lady Mondegreen was killed by a second shot, but this is a myth.
The prince circa 1500, and a portrait thought to be Catherine, circa 1502.
On the 4th of November, 1501, Arthur, Henry the Eighth’s older brother, met his future wife. Catherine of Aragon had been communicating with Arthur via letters written in Latin, and yet when they met they discovered they spoke the language differently and couldn’t understand each other.
Both were fifteen at the time of their meeting. They married ten days later.
The prince would die in April the following year, leaving Henry to go on to become king, as well as to marry his wife.
On the 7th of October, 1571, the Holy League destroyed Ottoman Empire forces in the Battle of Lepanto.
The coalition, made up of European Catholic maritime forces and organised by Pope Pius V, met the Turkish forces sailing west at the Gulf of Corinth, Greece.
The battle concluded at about 4pm.
The Holy League lost around 7500 soldiers, sailors and rowers, but they freed about as many Christian prisoners. The Ottomans lost around 15000, and at least 3500 were taken prisoner.