Eighty Years Ago: Australia’s Women’s National Emergency Legion is Formed

Horsewoman in the Australian Women’s Emergency Legion. September 1939. X

The Women’s National Emergency Legion, an auxiliary organisation in Australia during the Second World War, was formed in September of 1938.

Based in Brisbane, Queensland, only women of British origin were allowed to join.

Article from The Morning Bulletin. Rockhampton. 18 November 1938.

Women considered eligible were provided with training in areas considered necessary to the war effort, such as first aid and truck driving.

Miss Tony Mitchell at Somerville House in Brisbane, 1942. Mitchell drove cars and trucks for the US Army. X

When war broke out in the Pacific at the end of 1941 women were attached to US military units to work as drivers and clerks. They also worked for British and Dutch units based in Australia.

The organisation ceased operations a couple of years after the end of the war.

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On this day: the end of the United States Army Air Forces

Oer_the_ramparts_we_watch WW2 U.S. propaganda poster. Title O'er the ramparts we watch United States Army Air Forces. Size 63 × 48 cm (24.8 × 18.8 in). Signed and dated bottom left Sc

Propaganda recruitment poster dated 1944.

The United States Army Air Forces, the aerial warfare service used by the Americans in the Second World War, was officially disbanded on the 18th of September, 1947. Unlike some other nations, the United States had no separate air force at the time.

Women's Army Corps, Randolph Field, Texas, 1944.

Women’s Army Corps members at Randolph Field, Texas in 1944. X

The Forces, formed in 1941, the year the US entered the war, had been steadily diminished in size after the surrender of Japan in 1945. The service was replaced by the new and independent Air Force soon afterwards.

The_Sandman_a_B-24_Liberator,_piloted_by_Robert_SternfelsWorld War II shows The Sandman, piloted by Robert Sternfels, as it emerges from a pall of smoke during the TIDALWAVE mission Roma

1943 bombing campaign against oil fields in Romania.

During the war the USAAF took part in campaigns against both Nazi Germany and its allies, and in the Pacific.

On this day: Britain claims an islet.

On the 18th of September, 1955, Britain claimed Rockall. Situated in the North Atlantic Ocean, the uninhabited granite islet is 370 kilometres east of Scotland’s Outer Hebrides.

Lt. Cdr. Scott RN raises the Union Flag over Rockall on 18th September 1955, with the words, In the name of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth the Second, I hereby take posession of this Island

In the image above Lt. Cdr. Scott RN raises the Union Flag with the words:

‘In the name of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth the Second, I hereby take possession of this Island of Rockall.’

Royal Marine Commando Cpl. Alexander A. Fraser stands beside him.

Winter wave breaking over the island of Rockall. The wave's height over the steep West side may be estimated at 170 feet. Photographed from an RAF Coastal Command aircraft from RAF Aldergrove during World War II. 11 March 1943.

In March, 1943 a 170-foot wave crashing into the islet was photographed by the Royal Air Force.

On this day: Oxford Street during the Blitz

The damaged Peter Robinson department store at Oxford Circus, following a German air raid on London, September 1940. Second World War Two

Oxford Street, London’s famous shopping boulevard, suffered heavy damage from German bombing during the Second World War.

On the night of 17-18 September, 1940, some of London’s best-known establishments were hit.

This photograph shows the destroyed façade of the Peter Robinson department store at Oxford Circus. The business was founded in 1833.

On this day: Celebrations in Brussels

Crossing the Seine and the advance to the Siegfried Line 24 August - December 1944 The inhabitants of Brussels greet British and Belgian troops after the liberation of the city. 4th Sept

Source

4th September 1944: The residents of Brussels, Belgium cheer for Belgian and British troops as they enter the city. Brussels was liberated the day before, after more than four years of Nazi occupation.

On this day: the Surrender of Japan

(Color) Surrender of Japan, Tokyo Bay, 2 September 1945

2nd September 1945: This photograph, taken on board the USS Missouri, shows Japanese representatives taking part in a ceremony to formalise Japan’s surrender in the Second World War.

The document of surrender, signed on this day, ended the war.