On this day: Anti-Semitism in Italy

This is the cover of Italian newspaper Corriere della Sera from the 11th of November, 1938. The headline announces the country’s fascist government approving Italian Racial Laws, which discriminated against a number of groups and stripped Jews of their citizenship, barring them from many institutions.

While Italy didn’t have the significant Jewish population of some other areas of Europe, dictator Benito Mussolini fell into line with Adolf Hitler on racial policies. Italy aligned itself with Nazi Germany in the Second World War.

Corriere_testata_1938 Front page of Corriere della Sera the day Italian racial laws were enacted by the Fascist regime, in 1938. Anti-Semistism in Italy. 1930s.

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On this day…

Creator-_H__Allison_&_Co__PhotographersThe Rynatt family of Northern Ireland. Family portrait 9th November 1944. The family members are dressed in military clothing, as Northern Ireland

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The Rynatt family of Northern Ireland. Family portrait taken on the 9th of November, 1944. Some family members are dressed in military clothing, as Northern Ireland fought in the Second World War and came under attack from the Nazis.

On this day: British women prepare for invasion

The_British_Army_in_the_United_Kingdom_1939-45_Second World War Two 23rd October 1941 Women of Britains Auxiliary Territorial Service (ATS) operate a rangefinder during anti-aircraft

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23rd October 1941: Women of Britain’s Auxiliary Territorial Service (ATS) operate a rangefinder during anti-aircraft training on the beach of Weybourne in Norfolk, England.

Weybourne was considered to be at serious risk of invasion during the Second World War, and the region was prepared accordingly.

The ATS was formed in 1938, and existed until 1949, when it was incorporated into the Women’s Royal Army Corps.

On this day: a Defiant King in Denmark

King Christian X riding through Copenhagen on his 70th birthday, 26 September 1940. The picture was taken during the German occupation of Denmark.

King Christian X of Denmark is photographed here riding through the streets of Copenhagen on his 70th birthday on the 26th of September, 1940.

The image was taken during the Nazi occupation of the country. The King became famous for his daily rides unaccompanied by guards, a sign of defiance against the Germans.

The occupation began in April of 1940, and continued until the defeat of Nazi Germany in 1945 at the end of the Second World War.

Eighty Years Ago: Australia’s Women’s National Emergency Legion is Formed

Horsewoman in the Australian Women’s Emergency Legion. September 1939. X

The Women’s National Emergency Legion, an auxiliary organisation in Australia during the Second World War, was formed in September of 1938.

Based in Brisbane, Queensland, only women of British origin were allowed to join.

Article from The Morning Bulletin. Rockhampton. 18 November 1938.

Women considered eligible were provided with training in areas considered necessary to the war effort, such as first aid and truck driving.

Miss Tony Mitchell at Somerville House in Brisbane, 1942. Mitchell drove cars and trucks for the US Army. X

When war broke out in the Pacific at the end of 1941 women were attached to US military units to work as drivers and clerks. They also worked for British and Dutch units based in Australia.

The organisation ceased operations a couple of years after the end of the war.

On this day: the end of the United States Army Air Forces

Oer_the_ramparts_we_watch WW2 U.S. propaganda poster. Title O'er the ramparts we watch United States Army Air Forces. Size 63 × 48 cm (24.8 × 18.8 in). Signed and dated bottom left Sc

Propaganda recruitment poster dated 1944.

The United States Army Air Forces, the aerial warfare service used by the Americans in the Second World War, was officially disbanded on the 18th of September, 1947. Unlike some other nations, the United States had no separate air force at the time.

Women's Army Corps, Randolph Field, Texas, 1944.

Women’s Army Corps members at Randolph Field, Texas in 1944. X

The Forces, formed in 1941, the year the US entered the war, had been steadily diminished in size after the surrender of Japan in 1945. The service was replaced by the new and independent Air Force soon afterwards.

The_Sandman_a_B-24_Liberator,_piloted_by_Robert_SternfelsWorld War II shows The Sandman, piloted by Robert Sternfels, as it emerges from a pall of smoke during the TIDALWAVE mission Roma

1943 bombing campaign against oil fields in Romania.

During the war the USAAF took part in campaigns against both Nazi Germany and its allies, and in the Pacific.

On this day: Britain claims an islet.

On the 18th of September, 1955, Britain claimed Rockall. Situated in the North Atlantic Ocean, the uninhabited granite islet is 370 kilometres east of Scotland’s Outer Hebrides.

Lt. Cdr. Scott RN raises the Union Flag over Rockall on 18th September 1955, with the words, In the name of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth the Second, I hereby take posession of this Island

In the image above Lt. Cdr. Scott RN raises the Union Flag with the words:

‘In the name of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth the Second, I hereby take possession of this Island of Rockall.’

Royal Marine Commando Cpl. Alexander A. Fraser stands beside him.

Winter wave breaking over the island of Rockall. The wave's height over the steep West side may be estimated at 170 feet. Photographed from an RAF Coastal Command aircraft from RAF Aldergrove during World War II. 11 March 1943.

In March, 1943 a 170-foot wave crashing into the islet was photographed by the Royal Air Force.