On this day: the Battle of Castlebar

castlebar_races_wynnecthe-races-of-castlebar-1798-27th-august-1798-ireland-history-irish-county-mayo

On the 27th of August, 1798, a rebellion took place in Castlebar, County Mayo, Ireland.

In what would come to be known either as the Battle of Castlebar or the Castlebar Races, a force of two-thousand Irish rebels and French troops defeated six-thousand British troops.

This event was part of the larger failed Irish Rebellion of that year.

On this day: the premiere of Don Giovanni

On the 29th of October, 1787, Mozart’s opera Don Giovanni premiered at the Estates Theatre in Prague.

Stavovské_divadloEstates Theatre in 1797

The theatre in 1797

The opera was commissioned after Mozart made a successful trip to Prague earlier the same year.

Originally intended for a October 14 debut, it was not ready in time, and so the schedule was reorganised.

The opera was an immediate success, as Mozart was highly popular in Prague.

(A side note: I have seen this opera performed at the original theatre. 🙂 )

On this day: the first performance of The Magic Flute

Stage set for Mozart's Magic Flute 1815

An 1815 set for the opera.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s famous opera, The Magic Flute, premiered in Vienna on the 30th of September, 1791.

368px-Zauberflöte-Theaterzettel1791The Magic Flute – playbill of the first performance on September 30, 1791 at Schikaneder's Theater auf der Wieden in Vienna.

The playbill for the premiere.

Emanuel Schikaneder, who wrote the German libretto, hosted the premiere at his theatre, the Freihaus-Theater auf der Wieden. Mozart conducted the orchestra, while Schikaneder performed in the show alongside Mozart’s sister-in-law.

397px-SchikanedersTroupe1791Josepha Hofer in performance with the Schikaneder troupe. Mozart's sister-in-law.

Mozart’s sister-in-law, Josepha Hofer.

The opera was immediately considered a success, though no reviews of the first performance exist.

Convicts in 1793

This drawing is of a convict couple in New Holland (Australia) in 1793.

The first convicts (or Europeans) to move to Australia had only arrived five years earlier. Life can’t have been very organised or comfortable for anyone back then, but especially not for the convicts, who lived in pretty horrific conditions.

Drawing of a convict couple in New Holland, 1793.