On this day: the Battle of Morales

The Battle of Morales, part of the Peninsula War over the Iberian Peninsula, was fought on the 2nd of June, 1813.

Considered a victory for the British and a defeat for the French, the battle took place in the region of Toro, Zamora, Spain.

The Peninsula War was part of the larger Napoleonic Wars, and lasted a few days short of six years.

Battle_of_Morales,_2nd_June,_1813;_painted_by_William_Heath,_engraved_by_Thomas_SutherlandThe Battle of Morales Spain 2 June 1813. Between the Duke of Wellington vanguard and the rear gu

On this day…

This hand-coloured etching of London’s Theatre Royal, Drury Lane was published on the 25th of November, 1812.

When this etching was published the building had only been opened a few weeks. This is the third theatre to have stood there, and it was opened on the tenth of October that year. It is the same building that now stands on the site.

theatre-royal-drury-lane-published-25th-november-1812-by-james-whittle-and-james-r-h-laurie-london-hand-coloured-etching-victoria-albert-museum-london-museum-no-s-40-2008

On this day: the Mayon Volcano eruption

The Mayon Volcano in the Philippines has erupted numerous times, but the worst event took place on the 1st of February, 1814.

An old photograph of the Cagsawa ruins with the façade still standing. The church was largely destroyed during the 1814 eruption of Mayon.

Many decades later (though the actual date is unknown) the 18th-century Franciscan Cagsawa church was still standing (though badly damaged). The ruins have since disintegrated significantly.

The disaster killed between 1200 and 2200 people, with different records stating wildly different numbers.

Mount Mayon in eruption on July 21, 1928.

Since then, the volcano has erupted a number of times, including in July 1928, photographed above.

 

The 203rd anniversary of Pride and Prejudice

Jane Austen’s most famous novel, Pride and Prejudice, was published on the 28th of January 1813.

Elizabeth and Mr Darcy by Hugh Thomson 1894

Elizabeth Bennet and Mr Darcy. 1894 illustration.

Here is the title page from a first edition copy of the book:

Jane Austen’s most famous novel, Pride and Prejudice, was published on the 28th of January 1813. Here is the front page from a first edition copy of the book.