On this day…

Napoleon Bonaparte surrendered on the HMS Bellerophon on the 15th of July, 1815.

This image of the event was created in 1816.

398px-The_surrender_of_Buonaparte_on_board_the_Bellerophon Stylised and popular print showing the moment of Napoleon's arrival aboard HMS Bellerophon, and his surrender to Captain Frederick Lewis Maitland.

The 200th anniversary of Jane Austen’s Emma

Jane Austen’s Emma was first published on the 23rd of December, 1815.

However, the title page of the first edition of the book (below) gives the publication year as 1816.

Jane Austen’s Emma was first published on the 23rd of December, 1815. However, the title page of the first edition of the book gives the publication year as 1816.

On this day: the first performance of The Magic Flute

Stage set for Mozart's Magic Flute 1815

An 1815 set for the opera.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s famous opera, The Magic Flute, premiered in Vienna on the 30th of September, 1791.

368px-Zauberflöte-Theaterzettel1791The Magic Flute – playbill of the first performance on September 30, 1791 at Schikaneder's Theater auf der Wieden in Vienna.

The playbill for the premiere.

Emanuel Schikaneder, who wrote the German libretto, hosted the premiere at his theatre, the Freihaus-Theater auf der Wieden. Mozart conducted the orchestra, while Schikaneder performed in the show alongside Mozart’s sister-in-law.

397px-SchikanedersTroupe1791Josepha Hofer in performance with the Schikaneder troupe. Mozart's sister-in-law.

Mozart’s sister-in-law, Josepha Hofer.

The opera was immediately considered a success, though no reviews of the first performance exist.

200 years since the Battle of Waterloo

There will be a million or more history blogs running pieces on the two-hundredth anniversary of Napoleon’s defeat. In fact, some have been blogging about it all year.

I won’t go into details here, but here’s a depiction of the battle, which took place on the 18th of June, 1815, by Irish painter William Sadler II (1782–1839). *

The Battle of Waterloo by Irish painter William Sadler II (1782–1839)

On this day: The Battle of Quatre Bras in 1815

Fought two days before the Battle of Waterloo, this was one of the most significant and famous battles of the Napoleonic Wars. Between four and five thousand were lost on each side. *

Black Watch at the Battle of Quatre-Bras, 1815, by William Barnes Wollen (1857 – 1936).

Wollen,_Battle_of_Quatre_BrasBlack Watch at the Battle of Quatre-Bras, 1815, by William Barnes Wollen (1857 - 1936).

On this day: The Duchess of Richmond’s Ball in 1815

The Duchess of Richmond’s famous ball was held in Brussels on the 15th of June, 1815. The following day thousands would be slaughtered in the Battle of Quatre Bras, and then on the eighteenth Napoleon would finally be defeated at Waterloo.

The ball was essentially one last celebration before the final (successful but bloody) attempts to end Napoleon’s power. *

The Duchess of Richmonds famous ball was held in Brussels on the 15th of June 1815. The following day thousands would be slaughtered in the Battle of Quatre Bras.