Maria Ann Smith – known as Granny Smith – the creator of the green “Granny Smith” apple, died in the colony of New South Wales, Australia on the 9th of March, 1870.
In 1868 Smith was handed a box of French crab apples from Tasmania at a market in Sydney. After she used them for baking, she discovered a seed in the discarded peels had sprouted in a compost heap. She continued to tend it in its place near a creek.
After her death the property’s new owner marketed the fruit as “Granny Smith”.
Smith married in England, having eight children (who survived early childhood) before emigrating to Australia in 1838.
On the 10th of May, 1872, for the first time in the history of the United States, a woman was nominated for President.
Victoria Woodhull, a leader in the women’s suffrage movement, was born in September, 1838. The legality of her nomination is disputed for a number of reasons, including the fact she was under the required minimum age of thirty-five at the time.
She was the candidate for the Equal Rights Party. Though she was unsuccessful, she tried again a number of times over the following couple of decades.
On the 30th of October 1864, Helena, later Montana, USA’s capital, was officially founded.
Helena in either 1870 or 1872
The city was founded after the discovery of gold in the area in July the same year. A small group of men met and selected the name on the day of the official founding. By that time the town had grown to a population of more than two-hundred.
As it was the day before Halloween, other names that were suggested included Pumpkinville and Squashtown.
On the 18th of September, 1837 Charles Lewis Tiffany and John B. Young opened their “stationery and fancy goods emporium” in New York City. Originally called “Tiffany, Young and Ellis” the name was changed to Tiffany & Company when Tiffany took control in 1853.
From then on, the company’s emphasis was on jewellery.
In 1870 they made their move to number 15 Union Square West, the building that can be seen in the picture below:
Tiffany & Company, storage area, circa 1887
In the store circa 1887. On the left is Charles Lewis Tiffany.
(Notice how many women made it into the picture?!)
On the fifteenth of September, 1870, people lined up to be photographed at the planting of the first telegraph pole near Palmerston in Australia.
The Australian Overland Telegraph was 3200 kilometres long and connected Darwin with Port Augusta in South Australia. It was completed in 1872, and meant that for the first time Australia could connect quickly with the rest of the world.
People in the photograph include: Mr Palmer, Mr Burton, Dr Furnell, Dr James Millner, D.D. Daly, Miss Douglas, Mr & Mrs W.T. Dallwood, Willie Douglas, A.T. Childs, Captain & Mrs Douglas.
Duntroon house, owned by the Campbell family, stands in what is now Canberra, Australia’s capital city. The first picture is of the house in 1870 and the second picture is of the homestead as it was in 1888.