On this day: a Royal Visit to Colonial Australia

Prince Albert Victor and Prince George visit a mine in Ballarat, Victoria, Australia. 1881.

The young Princes in Ballarat during the same 1881 visit to Victoria. X

On the 5th of July, 1881 the Princes Albert Victor and George (the future King George V of the United Kingdom) visited Bendigo in the colony of Victoria, Australia to open a fountain in honour of their mother.

Albert_Victor_late_1880s Albert Victor photographed by Bassano, c. 1888.

Prince Albert Victor in the late 1880s.

The Alexandra Fountain, named for Alexandra of Denmark, daughter-in-law of Queen Victoria, is the second largest municipal fountain in what is now the state of Victoria.

Prince George, the future King George V, 1893.

George in 1893.

Albert died of influenza less than a decade after this Australian visit, leaving younger brother George to go on to become King in 1910.

The Alexandra Fountain is arguably the most prominent monument in Bendigo. Designed by W.C.Vahland. 1881.

The fountain in 2013.

On this day: the shooting of a President

800px-Garfield_assassination_engraving_This engraving of the assassination appeared in Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper on the 16th of July the same year. The President is being supported by Secretary of State James G. Blaine.

This engraving of the assassination appeared in Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper on the 16th of July, 1881. The President is being supported by Secretary of State James G. Blaine.

James Abram Garfield (November 19, 1831 – September 19, 1881) was the 20th President of the United States, serving from March 4, 1881, until his assassination later that year.

James A. Garfield

James A. Garfield, the 20th President of the United States, was fatally shot in the back as well as the arm at the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Station in Washington D.C. on the 2nd of July, 1881.

Amongst the people who were present when the shooting occurred was Robert Todd Lincoln, son of Abraham.

Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Terminal, 6th Street & Constitution Avenue, Washington, D.C. Opened in 1873, demolished in 1908.

Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Station, which was demolished in 1908. X

He did not die until eleven weeks later. It is now believed that doctors searching for the bullet with unwashed fingers created an infection that caused Garfield’s death. Modern medical specialists believe he would have otherwise recovered from the wounds.

Charles Julius Guiteau (September 8, 1841 – June 30, 1882) was an American writer and lawyer who was convicted of the assassination of James A. Garfield, the 20th President of the United States.

Charles J. Guiteau

The shooter was Charles J. Guiteau, who spent much of his trial behaving bizarrely, and who was executed on the 30th of June the following year.

Melbourne Cup Day

The Melbourne Cup, widely recognised as one of the world’s most significant horse races, is run in Australia on the first Tuesday of November each year.

The race was first run in 1861. This is an engraving of the finish line of the race in 1881.

Source

Engraving of the finish line at the Melbourne Cup of 1881. Made by S.B. published in the Illustrated Australian News in November 1881.

Original façade of the Savoy Theatre c.1881

The original façade of the Savoy Theatre c.1881. The theatre opened on the 10th of October that year, on the site of the old Savoy Palace. It was the first public building in the entire world to be lit entirely by electricity.

The theatre essentially became the home of Gilbert and Sullivan productions; both men took curtain calls on that first night.

Original façade of the Savoy Theatre c.1881