On this day: the Khodynka Tragedy

Chodynka The Khodynka Tragedy (Russian Ходынская трагедия) was a human stampede that occurred on 30 May [O.S. 18 May] 1896, in Moscow Russia during festivities after the

The Khodynka Tragedy was a deadly stampede that happened during coronation celebrations for Russia’s last emperor, Nicholas II, in 1896.

Falling on the 18th of May on the old calendar (which equates to the 30th of May on the new calendar), 1389 people were trampled or suffocated to death when panic broke out in a crowd of many thousands.

Kratky,_Frantisek_-_Tragedie_na_Chodynskem_poli_(1896) Victim of the Khodynka Tragedy in Moscow Russia 1896

People crowd around one of the victims.

Evidence of the tragedy was cleared away before many at the event in Moscow became aware of it, and Nicholas and his wife Alexandra continued with their schedule, including attending a ball with French diplomats that evening. It was decided it was more important to have good relations with the French than to appease the people of the Russian Empire.

The minor imperial response to the disaster did no favours for the family’s public image.

On this day: the end of the election campaign

On the 2nd of November, 1896, Puck magazine ran a cover picturing Mark Hanna and William McKinley preparing to carve up the presidency at Thanksgiving.

The US election was held the following day. McKinley won, with the help of his adviser, Hanna. McKinley was assassinated in 1901, while Hanna only outlived him by two and a half years.

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hanna_turkey1896-editorial-cartoons-shows-william-mckinley-and-mark-hanna-about-to-carve-up-the-presidency-at-thanksgiving-2nd-november-1896

On this day: the St. Louis–East St. Louis tornado

800px-St_Louis_Jefferson-Allen_Damage1896 St. Louis–East St. Louis tornado

On the 27th of May, 1896, a tornado hit St. Louis, Missouri. Part of a larger tornado outbreak in the United States, it killed at least 255 people, but possibly more than 400.

The damage bill was over ten million dollars, which translated to around $2.9 billion a century afterwards.

 

On this day: the birthday of the Tootsie Roll

Vintage Tootsie Roll Advertisement

The famous American confection, the Tootsie Roll, was officially introduced on the 23rd of February, 1896.

Leo Hirshfield, the founder of Tootsie Roll Industries, migrated from Austria and introduced Tootsie Rolls to the candy industry on February 23, 1896 from a small store in Brooklyn, NY.

It was created by an Austrian immigrant named Leo Hirshfield, who began his business opening a small candy shop in Brooklyn, New York.

A circa 1918 advertisement celebrating troops coming home from World War One:

1918 Tootsie Roll advertisement celebrating American troops returning home from WWI