On this day: the founding of Essex County Cricket Club

Essex County Cricket Club was founded at a meeting in Chelmsford‘s Shire Hall on the 14th of January, 1876.

essex1897_redlillywhite1898little-was-heard-of-essex-cricket-from-1794-until-the-formation-of-essex-ccc-on-14-january-1876-at-a-meeting-in-the-shire-hall-chelmsford

The Essex team in 1897. X

The sport of cricket had been in the area since some time in the 16th century, but no major teams were organised until the late Victorian era. Essex CCC became First-Class in 1894.

Most of the team’s home games are played in Chelmsford, the county town of Essex.

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Joyous Skeleton in the 1890s

Auguste and Louis Lumière, better known as the “Lumière Brothers“, released a film titled Le Squelette Joyeux in 1898. It features a skeleton that dances joyously even as it falls apart and puts itself back together.

On this day: the opening of the Blackwall Tunnel

The Blackwall Tunnel, which runs under the River Thames in London, was opened by the Prince of Wales on the 22nd of May, 1897.

Section_of_the_Blackwall_Tunnel A photograph showing a framing section of the Blackwall Tunnel being constructed at the Thames Ironworks. 1895.

Under construction in 1895.

Work began on the tunnel in 1892 and construction cost £1.4 M. 800 men were employed and seven deaths were recorded.

A postcard depicting the entrance to the Blackwall Tunnel in 1899Blackwall_Tunnel_1899

The tunnel in 1899.

A second tunnel was opened in 1967.

On this day: the world’s first passenger railway

Tram on the Swansea and Mumbles Railway in Wales 1897.

Photographed in 1897

On the 25th of March, 1807, the world’s first passenger railway opened in Britain.

Horsetrain_1870Horse-powered train on the Swansea and Mumbles Railway, Wales.

1870

The Swansea and Mumbles Railway operated in Wales until 1960. The passenger cars were originally pulled by horses before being changed to steam locomotives, and then finally to electric trams.

On this day: the founding of the US Naval War College

The Naval War College in the United States was founded in Newport, Rhode Island on the 6th of October, 1884.

Here is Assistant Secretary of the Navy, Theodore Roosevelt, with faculty and students circa 1897.

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Assistant Secretary of the Navy Theodore Roosevelt with faculty and class members at the Naval War College, Newport, Rhode Island, circa 1897.