New York’s Easter Parade

Between 1910 and 1915

New York City has hosted an Easter parade on Fifth Avenue since the 19th century. Taking place on Easter Sunday, for decades it was one of the most significant cultural events of the year.

Here are some images of the parade from the late 19th and early 20th centuries:

1898

Fifth_Avenue_Easter_Parade,_1898 Fifth Avenue and the Easter Parade, New York 1898.

1899

Easter_parade_Fifth_Avenue_1899. Easter Parade on Fifth Avenue, New York 1899.

1900

EasterParade1900 Fifth Avenue in New York City on Easter Sunday in 1900

1905

Easter_Parade_1905Easter Parade on Fifth Avenue, New York 1905

1912

Easter_Parade_1912 Easter Parade on Fifth Avenue, New York 1912.

1914

Easter_parade_1914 Easter Parade, New York 1914.

On this day: the birth of “Axis Sally”

mildred-gillars-american-nazi-collaborator-axis-sally-propaganda

American woman Mildred Gillars, nicknamed “Axis Sally” for the prominent role she played broadcasting Nazi propaganda during World War Two, was born on the 29th of November, 1900.

Born in Maine, but moving to Ohio as a child, Gillars moved to Germany to study in 1934, and then later obtained work as an English teacher in Berlin.

mildred-gillars-axis-sally-as-a-young-actress-in-the-1920s-nazi-collaborator-american-history-propaganda

As a young actress in America in the 1920s. X

By 1940, she was working as an announcer for Reichs-Rundfunk-Gesellschaft: German State Radio.

Along with an Italian-American woman by the name of Rita Zucca, who performed the same work for Mussolini in Fascist Italy, she was dubbed “Axis Sally” for her anti-American propaganda that was broadcast to US troops once her home country joined the war.

Gillars’ broadcasts told stories of wives and sweethearts at home who cheated with other men while the troops were away, and spread defeatist propaganda to try and destroy American morale.

At the end of the war “Wanted” posters for Gillars were put up around Berlin. Once she was found and arrested in 1946 she was returned to the United States, where she was put on trial for treason.

axis-sally-to-go-to-trial-september-25-1948-the-new-york-times-new-york-september-25-1948

The New York Times announces that Mildred Gillars is to stand trial for treason. X

She was eventually convicted of treason for a broadcast titled Vision Of Invasion, and spent twelve years in prison before being released on parole.

an-unidentified-fbi-agents-escorts-mildred-gillars-as-she-arrives-for-her-treason-trial-in-washington-d-c-in-1949

The FBI escorts Gillars to her trial in 1949. X

Gillars went on to live in a convent and work as a schoolteacher, before dying of cancer in 1988.

Her fellow “Sally”, Rita Zucca, spent nine months in an Italian prison, and – having given up her American citizenship – was barred from the United States.

On this day…

The Down freight and Up express at Nottingham Victoria Station, England on the 12th of October, 1962.

Opened in May, 1900, and closed in September, 1967, the entire building other than the clock tower was demolished to make way for the Victoria Centre shopping complex in the 1970s.

During its years of operation, the station was run by the London Midland Region of British Railways.

X

the-down-freight-and-up-express-at-nottingham-victoria-station-england-on-the-12th-of-october-1962

On this day: the world’s first cruise ship

The Prinzessin Victoria Luise, recognised as the world’s first cruise ship, was launched on the 29th of June, 1900.

711px-Prinzessin_Victoria_Luise_LOC_det_4a15439

Her maiden voyage came on the 5th of January the following year, travelling from Hamburg to New York.

1901 Scientific American cover showing photos of the German cruise ship Prinzessin Victoria Luise, the first of its kind.

1901

Only five years later her career came to an end when the ship became lodged on rocks in Jamaica. The captain shot himself in his cabin, and the passengers were not rescued until the following morning.

The ship was declared a total loss soon after.

On this day: ChristChurch Cathedral and the Earthquake

ChristChurch Cathedral, Christchurch New Zealand. 1900.

ChristChurch Cathedral in 1900

On the 22nd of February, 2011 Christchurch, on New Zealand’s South Island, was hit by a major earthquake. 185 people were killed and much of the city’s centre was severely damaged or destroyed.

Included in the damage was ChristChurch Cathedral.

Sir George Gilbert Scott

Sir George Gilbert Scott

The cathedral was built between 1864 and 1904, designed by Sir George Gilbert Scott, a world-renowned English Gothic revival architect.

The Canterbury region the city of Christchurch is in has been hit by many earthquakes over the years, and the cathedral had also been damaged in 1881, 1888, 1901, 1922, and only five and a half months earlier, in 2010.

In 2011, however, the damage was severe, bringing down the spire and half of the tower, collapsing part of the roof, and causing other structural damage.

800px-ChristChurch_Cathedral_(02),_July_2012Helicopter flight over Christchurch, July 2012.

July 2012

ChristChurch Cathedral Christchurch New Zealand Post-Earthquake

Via Google Street View

Since February 2011, the church has largely been in favour of pulling the remains of the building down, while others in the community have fought a long – sometimes legal – battle to preserve the city’s most iconic structure.

On this day: the Kingston earthquake in 1907

Kingston_(1907) View of Kingston Jamaica damaged after the earthquake in 1907

Kingston in 1907, showing destroyed buildings. Source

On the 14th of January, 1907 an earthquake struck Kingston, the capital city of Jamaica.

Hitting at 3:30pm and measuring 6.5 on the moment magnitude scale, the earthquake killed between eight-hundred and a thousand people and flattened 85% of the buildings in the area.

Following the earthquake a fire broke out, causing more damage. A tsunami hit soon afterwards, flooding the lower parts of town.