On this day: Women’s Suffrage in Norway.

Norwegian women, participating in a woman suffrage parade in New York, 1913. women's suffrage

Norwegian women participate in at a suffrage march in New York in 1913. X

Women in Norway earned the right to vote in stages, however a milestone was reached on the 14th of June, 1907, when middle class women were finally granted permission to vote in parliamentary elections.

While women’s suffrage came fairly early to Norway, by this point in time women in countries such as New Zealand and Australia had had full voting rights for several years.

At the parliamentary election in 1909, women of the bourgeoisie and middle class were entitled to vote for the first time.

Women vote in 1909.

The first Norwegian parliamentary election to include women was held in 1909.

It was not until 1913 that women’s voting rights equal to men’s were granted.

On this day: the Great Dayton Flood

Postcard showing a view of Fifth Street looking west from Main Street, showing the flood waters when the flood was at its crest. March 1913.

The Great Dayton Flood, when the overflowing Great Miami River inundated Ohio, began on the 21st of March, 1913.

Over the course of the next few days, an estimated 360 people died, making the flood the worst natural disaster in the state’s history.

4th Street of Dayton, OH, USA during Great Miami Flood in 1913.

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In addition to the destruction caused by the water, a gas explosion and exposed gas lines resulted in fires that caused significant damage. The damage to property included the loss of around 20 000 homes.

Despite being a historically significant city, because of the flood today there are few historic buildings left in Dayton.

On this day: a newspaper cover from 1913

The front page of The Daily Southern Californian from the 29th of October, 1913.

If you can’t enlarge the image enough to read it (sometimes the images don’t work so well on this site!), it can be viewed HERE.

the_daily_southern_californian_vol__3_no__28_october_29_1913_182976the-daily-southern-californian-vol-3-no-28-wednesday-29th-october-29-1913-front-page

On this day: a king for Albania

Duits circusartiest Otto Witte (1872-1958), ex-officier van het Turkse.

Otto Witte – a German circus performer – claimed he was crowned King of Albania on the 13th of August, 1913.

When Albania broke free of the Ottoman Empire and Serbian occupation, a Muslim prince named Halim Eddine was invited to be crowned king. Witte apparently bore a strong resemblance to the prince, and claimed to have gone in his place.

Halim Eddine did not exist.

There are not facts to back Witte’s claims, but it did not stop him becoming famous in Germany, where he also claimed to be the founder of a political party – that also did not exist.

On this day: the RMS Mauretania

King George V and Queen Mary board the RMS Mauretania on the 11th of July, 1913. The photograph was taken in Liverpool, and recorded the first time a reigning monarch boarded a ship produced by Cunard.

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King George V and Queen Mary board the RMS Mauretania on the 11th of July, 1913. The photograph was taken in Liverpool, and recorded the first time a reigning monarch boarded a ship produced by Cunard.

On this day: Emily Davison’s collision with a racehorse

On the 4th of June, 1913 militant suffragette Emily Davison rushed onto the racetrack at the Epsom Derby, running in front of a racehorse. She was trampled by the horse and died four days later.

It is unknown exactly what her motives were, but as she had clear plans for the rest of the day and for the days immediately afterwards, it seems she had not planned to become a martyr for her cause.

Emily_davison_killed_1913Emily Davison is struck by King George's horse, Anmer, and knocked unconscious. She died four days later. 4th June 1913.

The horse’s jockey got his foot caught in the stirrup and was dragged along, unconscious, but survived.