On this day: the demolition of the Old Melbourne Gaol

Australia’s Old Melbourne Gaol photographed while being taken apart on the 19th of April, 1937.

The gaol is most famous for being the place of the execution of bushranger (highwayman) Ned Kelly in 1880.

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On this day: International Unemployment Day

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International Unemployment Day was an event that took place at the time of the Great Depression, occurring on the 6th of March, 1930. Hundreds of thousands of people around the world, including in the United States, Germany, England, France, Spain and Austria marched to protest mass unemployment.

In New York City and Detroit the protests turned violent, with baton-wielding police attacking crowds of tens of thousands.

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New York’s The Communist newspaper gave the incorrect date for the event.

Germany, the non-Soviet country with the largest Communist Party, also saw their protests turn violent, while in Austria demonstrators clashed with Fascist youth in the streets of Vienna.

On this day: the murder of Hulda Stumpf

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American missionary Hulda Stumpf was murdered in Kijabe, Kenya on the 3rd of January, 1930.

Stumpf, who had spoken out in opposition of Female Genital Mutilation, a widespread and often life-threatening tradition performed across Africa to this day, and practiced in the region of Kenya where she lived, was found dead in her home on the morning of Friday the 3rd. She had been brutally beaten, and then strangled.

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Stumpf sits on the bottom left of this 1917 photograph

In the end, no strong conclusions could be drawn about her death.

 

On this day: Tornado damage in Rhode Island

The 1938 New England hurricane formed off the coast of Africa on the 9th, and hit the United States on the 21st of September.

Estimated to have killed at least 682 people, the destruction was photographed at Island Park in Rhode Island on the 22nd.

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On this day: the first British Empire Games

The British Empire Games – a sporting event similar to the Olympics – began for the first time on the 16th of August, 1930.

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Official programme. X

The Games took place in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. Eleven countries of the British Empire competed.

New Zealand at the opening of the first British Empire Games, Ontario, 1930.

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There had been one similar event previously, in 1911, when it was called the Inter-Empire Championships.

Today the event is known as the Commonwealth Games. At the last Games seventy-one countries competed.