On this day 80 years ago

This image is of Manhattan, New York on the 26th of October, 1938. It shows 20th Street between Second and First Avenues.

While the USA marked the introduction of minimum wage laws that month, Nazis were marching into the Sudetenland and expanding the Nuremberg Laws to ban Jews from many public spaces, while the Imperial Japanese Army was overtaking Canton in China.

East_20th_St_northside_towards_1st_Ave_1938East 20th Street between 2nd Avenue and 1st Avenue, looking east towards 1st Avenue, in Manhattan, New York City in 1938

 

 

Eighty Years Ago: Australia’s Women’s National Emergency Legion is Formed

Horsewoman in the Australian Women’s Emergency Legion. September 1939. X

The Women’s National Emergency Legion, an auxiliary organisation in Australia during the Second World War, was formed in September of 1938.

Based in Brisbane, Queensland, only women of British origin were allowed to join.

Article from The Morning Bulletin. Rockhampton. 18 November 1938.

Women considered eligible were provided with training in areas considered necessary to the war effort, such as first aid and truck driving.

Miss Tony Mitchell at Somerville House in Brisbane, 1942. Mitchell drove cars and trucks for the US Army. X

When war broke out in the Pacific at the end of 1941 women were attached to US military units to work as drivers and clerks. They also worked for British and Dutch units based in Australia.

The organisation ceased operations a couple of years after the end of the war.

A Chinese suicide bomber prepares.

Chinese_infantry_soldier_preparing_a_suicide_vest_of_Model_24_hand_grenades_at_the_Battle_of_Taierzhuang_against_Japanese_TanksThe Battle of Taierzhuang, part of the Second Sino-Japanese

The Battle of Taierzhuang, part of the Second Sino-Japanese War between China and Japan, ran from the 24th of March to the 7th of April, 1938. The first major Chinese victory of the conflict, it was won in part because of the lengths the Chinese soldiers were willing to go to for victory.

This image shows one of China’s suicide bombers putting on a vest made of hand grenades. Some soldiers threw themselves under Japanese tanks and blew themselves – and the vehicles – up.

The Japanese were humiliated by the defeat and denied it in media reports for days after the battle concluded. Chinese victory gave the morale of their people a big boost.

This war ran up until the conclusion of the Second World War, and is considered part of the Pacific Theatre of the worldwide conflict, ending with Japan’s surrender in 1945.

Vintage Queensland: Labour Day

Labour Day in Australia falls on different dates in different regions. In 2017 the 2nd of October is Labour Day for the Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales and South Australia.

These images show celebrations of the day in the state of Queensland.

The Fish Board: Eat More Fish – 1940.

StateLibQld 2 107924 Red Emperor float in the Labour Day procession, Brisbane, 1940. The Fish board - Eat More Fish. Vintage.

State Butcheries: the People’s Business – 1920.

Butchers posing in front of their Labour Day float, Brisbane, 1920 Thomas William Anderson, formerly of Toowoomba, is pictured at the far right.

Brisbane in 1928

StateLibQld_1_104856_Men_posing_next_to_a_Labour_Day_float,_Brisbane,_1938 Men posing next to a Labour Day float, Brisbane, 1938 Queensland Australia Vintage

Preparing a float in Brisbane in 1940.

On this day…

The chocolate wheel at the Ambulance stall at the Royal Queensland Show, Australia on the 29th of April, 1938. The show, often referred to as the Ekka, is held annually in Brisbane. The showground was used as a hospital four years later, during World War Two.

chocolate-wheel-at-the-ambulance-stall-exhibition-ground-brisbane-1938-ambulance-service-chocolate-wheel-draws-a-large-crowd-at-the-ekka-on-29-april-1938

On this day: the premiere of Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs

on-december-21-1937-snow-white-and-the-seven-dwarfs-premiered-to-a-record-breaking-audience-at-the-carthay-circle-theatre-in-los-angeles

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On the 21st of December, 1937, Disney’s first feature-length film premiered at the Carthay Circle Theatre in Los Angeles.

Guests at the premiere included Charlie Chaplin, Shirley Temple, Marlene Dietrich, Ginger Rogers and Cary Grant.

on-the-21st-of-december-1937-disneys-snow-white-premiered-at-the-carthay-circle-theatre

Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs went on to receive Oscar and Grammy nominations, and won an award at the Venice Film Festival.

on-the-21st-of-december-1937-disneys-snow-white-premiered-at-the-carthay-circle-theatre-guests-at-the-premiere-included-charlie-chaplin-shirley-temple-marlene-dietrich-ginger-rogers-and

The film’s general release came in February the following year.