On this day: Australians in Borneo

Australian_2-31_Bn_parading_through_Bandjermasin_17th September_1945 Enthusiastic welcome after Japanese occupation. Second World War Two..

17th September 1945: Soldiers of the Australian 2/31st Battalion pass through Bandjermasin in Borneo as they take responsibility for the island after the surrender of Japan in the Second World War. It was reported they were given an enthusiastic welcome by the locals.

The island of Borneo was under Japanese occupation from the end of 1941. Bandjermasin is now part of Indonesia.

From the collection of the Australian War Memorial, Canberra.

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On this day: the Reichstag in Ruins

Ruins_of_the_Reichstag_in_Berlin,_3_June_1945__BU8573Ruins of the Reichstag in Berlin, Germany. 3rd June 1945. Second World War Two.

This photograph shows the Reichstag in Berlin, Germany in ruins on the 3rd of June, 1945. While the building was not used for the German Parliament during Nazi rule, it was used for propaganda meetings, and for military purposes during the Second World War.

The building suffered heavy damage from Allied bombings, and was considered a prize for the Red Army because of its symbolic significance.

From the collection of the Imperial War Museum.

On this day: Denazification in Trier

This photograph from the US Army archives, shows denazification taking place on a street in Trier, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany on the 12th of May, 1945. The city had surrendered to the Allies on the 2nd of March.

In the image a Nazi sign, naming the location “Adolf Hitler-Straße (Street)”, is removed from the outside of Hotel Monopol.

Denazification began as the Second World War drew to an end, with National Socialist signs and symbols removed and Nazism erased from Germany and surrounding areas.

Denazification-street Workers removing the signage from a former Adolf Hitler Street in Trier, Germany. 12th May 1945. Second world War Two

On this day: a warning in Nazi Germany

Warning_sign_in_cologneA Cpl. of 82nd Airborne Division reads a warning sign in the street Cologne, Germany, 4 April 1945. Second World War Two

4th April 1945: A corporal of the US 82nd Airborne Division reads a warning sign in Cologne, Germany as the Second World War draws to an end. Cologne came under Allied control the previous month.

61% of Cologne was destroyed by bombing during the war, and most of the city’s centre was devastated.

On this day: the Surrender of Japan

(Color) Surrender of Japan, Tokyo Bay, 2 September 1945

2nd September 1945: This photograph, taken on board the USS Missouri, shows Japanese representatives taking part in a ceremony to formalise Japan’s surrender in the Second World War.

The document of surrender, signed on this day, ended the war.

On this day: Nagasaki Destroyed

These aerial photographs show the Japanese city of Nagasaki before and after the American nuclear bomb attack on the 9th of August, 1945.

Amongst those in the city at the time of the bombing were thousands of conscripted Korean workers and hundreds of Western (Allied) prisoners of war. Not all of them survived.

Nagasaki_1945_-_Before_and_after_(adjusted) Nagasaki, Japan, before and after the atomic bombing of 9th August, 1945.

On this day: the Australian Women’s Land Army is formed

AWLA_smoko_timeGroup of women from the Australian Women's Land Army smoking at tea break, seated on dry grass out in the country in the height of summer. Tent, trees and clouds in backgr

 Smoko time with the AWLA

Inspired by Britain’s Women’s Land Army, the Australian Women’s Land Army was created on the 27th of July, 1942. The organisation was formed to combat shortages in the farming industry as the Second World War intensified.

Though Australia had been fighting in the war since 1939, once Japan entered the conflict in 1941, threatening the Pacific, many Australian men were drafted into the army, leaving shortages at home.

A_papier-mache_cow_on_Mrs_Mellor_s_car,_1944A papier-mache cow, used for milking demonstrations at the Werribee experimental farm, Women's Land Army Australia Seconnd World War World W

Field Officer Mrs Mellor ties a papier-mâché cow used in milking demonstrations to the back of her car in Melbourne. 1944.

Women who joined the AWLA took over men’s jobs in the agricultural sector. In order to be eligible for the work women were required to be between eighteen and fifty, and to be either of British origin or to be from a member of the Allied nations.

Women were paid significantly less than men for the same work.

The AWLA was disbanded on the 31st of December, 1945.