Divorce had been specifically forbidden in the 1937 Irish constitution. A heavily Catholic country, there was very strong opposition to the legal breakup of a marriage, just as there was when it came to the legalisation of contraception, which was only made available in the 1980s.
The success of the 1995 referendum was a close thing; the results were just over 50% in favour and 49.79% opposed.
Many victims were never identified, as the Russians deliberately burnt many of the bodies. Eyewitnesses also told of rapes of women and girls in the village, and of Chechens being thrown – alive – from helicopters.
The troops were under the command of highly decorated Gen. Anatoly Kulikov. During the time of the massacre, Russian President Boris Yeltsin had compared the Chechen people to Nazis, a popular Kremlin propaganda tactic.
Below is an image of Russian troops celebrating in Chechnya after fighting in Grozny.