On this day: Child Labour in Alabama

Child workers are seen at a factory in Huntsville, Alabama, USA at noon on the 18th of November 1910.

The photograph was taken by social activist and renowned photographer Lewis Hine, (1874-1940), who was instrumental in child labour reform in the United States, but who ended his life in poverty and obscurity, unable to find much interest in his work at the time of his death.

Child_workers_in_Huntsville,_Alabama Coming out at noon, Merrimac Mills. All workers, even the boys at the side of the gate. Huntsville, Ala., 11-18-1910. Photographed by Lewis Hine.

On this day: the inauguration of a Confederate President

jefferson-davis-was-inaugurated-as-the-first-and-only-president-of-the-confederate-states-of-america-after-the-south-seceded-the-ceremony-was-held-at-montgomery-the-first-confederate-capital-on-feb

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This photograph, taken on the 18th of February, 1861, shows people arriving for the inauguration of Jefferson Davis, the first and only president of the Confederate States of America.

The ceremony took place in Montgomery, Alabama, the first Confederate capital,

Davis served in as leader until he was captured in 1865 at the end of the Civil War.

On this day: a Ku Klux Klan conviction in Alabama

viola-fauver-gregg-liuzzo-april-11-1925-march-25-1965-civil-rights-activist-from-michigan

Murder victim Viola Liuzzo.

On the 3rd of December, 1965 a jury in the US southern state of Alabama convicted three Ku Klux Klan members in relation to the murder of white woman Viola Liuzzo.

A fourth man, who had been part of the crime but who worked for the FBI, was not convicted as he testified against the others.

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Liuzzo was helping as a driver for civil rights activists at the time of her murder. She was driving a car and escorting a black man, Leroy Moton, when the Klan members shot her through the window.

Moton was unhurt in the attack, which took place on the 25th of March.

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Immediately after the murder, authorities tried to cover up the facts, and the FBI attempted to destroy Liuzzo’s character in order to distract from one of their own being involved in the crime.

At the time of Liuzzo’s death she was thirty-nine years old, married, and the mother of five.

Delaware’s controversial age of consent, and girl prostitutes.

tatnall-streetChildren playing next to a reputed house of prostitution on Tatnall Street, Wilmington, Delaware, 1910.

Children in Delaware outside a brothel in 1910.

Technically, until 1972, the US state of Delaware had the age of consent set at seven. It was 1972 that the old law codes were completely overhauled.

It was in February 1889 that the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union submitted a petition to the Delaware General Assembly to have the age raised. The petition had ten yards of signatures of Delaware residents on it.

The age had been lowered to seven in 1871, having previously been ten. It was the lowest age of consent in the United States.

blacklist-of-states-arenaage of consent and rpae laws in nineteenth century unites states

A list of the age of consent in various states.

Click to enlarge and read.

The idea of the low age of consent for girls had a lot to do with proving rape (and dealing with – or ignoring! – child prostitution). Investigators in a rape case had to prove force and lack of consent, and the changed law helped cover for men having sex with young girls.

The states of North Carolina, South Carolina, Alabama, Mississippi and Florida had the age set at ten.

At the end of the 1880s, the lowest age a girl could work as a prostitute in Delaware was raised to fifteen.

Read More:

http://blogs.lawlib.widener.edu/delaware/2014/07/07/the-age-of-consent-and-rape-reform-in-delaware/

http://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/yjlh/vol9/iss1/1/

http://delaware.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/ref/collection/p15323coll1/id/53650

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prostitution_in_the_United_States