On this day: Chinese retreat in Nanking

Chinese_clean_up_mess_in_NankingChinese people clean up the mess which was made at the time of the retreat of Chinese soldiers.(December 22, 1937) Japanese Rape of Nanking Massacre

22nd December 1937: Locals in Nanking, China clean up after the retreat of the Chinese army. The image appeared in a January 1938 edition of Japanese news picture magazine Asahi Graph. Japan had defeated China in the Battle of Nanking earlier in the month.

Despite promises that civilians wouldn’t be harmed, by the time the image was published Japanese soldiers had killed between 40 000 and 300 000 people in what would become known as the Rape of Nanking, or the Nanking Massacre.

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On this day: Australians in Korea

7th November 1950 Troops from C Company, 3rd Battalion, The Royal Australian Regiment (3RAR), watch for the enemy while a village in the valley below burns. The village was set on fire b

A village in a Korean valley burns on the 7th of November, 1950 as troops from C Company, 3rd Battalion, The Royal Australian Regiment (3RAR) look on. They are searching for enemy soldiers.

17 000 Australians served in the Korean War between 1950 and 1953.

The image is from the collection of the Australian War Memorial, Canberra.

On this day: Seoul in Ruins

WAR & CONFLICT BOOK
ERA:  KOREAN WAR/DEATH & DESTRUCTION

This photograph, dated the 1st of November, 1950, is from the US Army archives and shows an elderly woman searching through the rubble of Seoul over four months into the Korean War.

It would be more than three years between the beginning of the war and the 1953 armistice. However, Korea remains divided.

On this day: Nagasaki Destroyed

These aerial photographs show the Japanese city of Nagasaki before and after the American nuclear bomb attack on the 9th of August, 1945.

Amongst those in the city at the time of the bombing were thousands of conscripted Korean workers and hundreds of Western (Allied) prisoners of war. Not all of them survived.

Nagasaki_1945_-_Before_and_after_(adjusted) Nagasaki, Japan, before and after the atomic bombing of 9th August, 1945.

On this day: War in the Pacific

D Day on the beach at Balikpapan with Australian soldiers from a unit of the 7th Infantry Division carrying a wounded soldier on a stretcher along the beach.

1st July 1945: Australians carry a wounded soldier along the beach at Balikpapan, Borneo. Smoke billows from burning oil tanks bombed by the Japanese.

The Borneo Campaign ran from the 1st of May until Japan’s surrender on the 15th of August, and succeeded in pushing the Japanese further from Australia. However, Japan’s inhumane treatment of Allied prisoners of war became infamous, and included sex slavery and death marches.

On this day…

USS_Manatee_(AO-58)_HMAS_Warramunga_(I44)27th June 1951 A United States Navy fleet oiler (left) refuels a Royal Australian Navy destroyer (right) off the Korean Peninsula during the Kore

27th June 1951: The United States Navy fleet oiler, USS Manatee (left) refuels the Royal Australian Navy destroyer, HMAS Warramunga (right) off the Korean Peninsula during the Korean War.