On this day: the bombing of Nagoya Castle

Burning_Nagoya_CastleBurning Nagoya Castle 14th May 1945 Allied Air Raid Second World War

Nagoya Castle in Japan was destroyed by Allied bombing on the 14th of May, 1945. The city had been under attack from air raids since April of 1942, and the castle was targeted as it was being used as a Japanese military command post as well as the administrative headquarters for the local prisoner of war camp.

The castle was considered a national treasure. Reconstruction began in the 1950s.

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On this day: a Kamikaze Attack

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Near Okinawa on the 11th of April, 1945, the USS Missouri was hit by a Japanese kamikaze attack – a suicide mission in the style used by the Japanese military during the Second World War.

The battleship only sustained minor, superficial damage, but the pilot was killed. The ship’s American captain insisted on giving him a funeral with full military honours.

It is estimated nearly four-thousand Japanese pilots died this way in the war’s Pacific Theatre.

The Missouri is now famous for being the site of the surrender of the Empire of Japan later that year, the event that ended the war.

A Chinese suicide bomber prepares.

Chinese_infantry_soldier_preparing_a_suicide_vest_of_Model_24_hand_grenades_at_the_Battle_of_Taierzhuang_against_Japanese_TanksThe Battle of Taierzhuang, part of the Second Sino-Japanese

The Battle of Taierzhuang, part of the Second Sino-Japanese War between China and Japan, ran from the 24th of March to the 7th of April, 1938. The first major Chinese victory of the conflict, it was won in part because of the lengths the Chinese soldiers were willing to go to for victory.

This image shows one of China’s suicide bombers putting on a vest made of hand grenades. Some soldiers threw themselves under Japanese tanks and blew themselves – and the vehicles – up.

The Japanese were humiliated by the defeat and denied it in media reports for days after the battle concluded. Chinese victory gave the morale of their people a big boost.

This war ran up until the conclusion of the Second World War, and is considered part of the Pacific Theatre of the worldwide conflict, ending with Japan’s surrender in 1945.

On this day: the Battle of Manila

Manila_Walled_City_Destruction_May_1945 Destruction at the Walled City (Intramuros district) of old Manila in May 1945 — after the Battle of Manila.

Aerial shot of the destruction in Manila. May 1945. X

One of the bloodiest battles in world history, the Battle of Manila (in the Philippines) ended on the 3rd of March, 1945.

Fought by the combined forces of the US and Filipino troops against Japan, the conclusion of the battle marked the end of Japanese control of the region.

U.S. troops at the Rizal Baseball Stadium, Manila, Philippines. 16th February 1945.

US troops stand in a destroyed baseball stadium.

In the month-long campaign over 100 000 civilians were killed, and Manila, the country’s capital city, was completely destroyed.

On this day: Manila in Wartime

U.S. troops at the Rizal Baseball Stadium, Manila, Philippines. 16th February 1945.

US troops stand in the Rizal Baseball Stadium in Manila in the Philippines on the 16th of February, 1945.

The Japanese had occupied the country for nearly three years. Two weeks before this image was taken, the Battle of Manila began, a fight for liberation that killed over 100 000 civilians and razed the city to the ground.

A combined force of American and Filipino troops finally defeated Japan at the beginning of March.

On this day: Manila on Fire

10th February 1945: Residents of the Philippines run from suburbs burned by the Japanese during the Battle of Manila.

The battle ran from the 3rd of February to the 3rd of March, when combined American and Filipino forces liberated the country from nearly three years of Japanese control.

Over 100 000 civilians were killed before victory was achieved.

Citizens of Manila run for safety from suburbs burned by Japanese soldiers. Philippines. 10th February 1945.