100 Years Ago: the end of a war

Vittorio_Veneto1918IWM British and Italian convoys passing abandoned Austro-Hungarian artillery Val d'Assa mountain road. Pass was entered by the 143rd Infantry Brigade, 48th Division, a

2nd November 1918: Nine days before the end of the First World War, British and Italian convoys pass abandoned Austro-Hungarian artillery on a mountain road.

The photograph was taken during the Battle of Vittorio Veneto, in Italy’s north.

The battle concluded the following day, marking both an Italian victory and the end of the war on the Italian front.

On this day: International Unemployment Day

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International Unemployment Day was an event that took place at the time of the Great Depression, occurring on the 6th of March, 1930. Hundreds of thousands of people around the world, including in the United States, Germany, England, France, Spain and Austria marched to protest mass unemployment.

In New York City and Detroit the protests turned violent, with baton-wielding police attacking crowds of tens of thousands.

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New York’s The Communist newspaper gave the incorrect date for the event.

Germany, the non-Soviet country with the largest Communist Party, also saw their protests turn violent, while in Austria demonstrators clashed with Fascist youth in the streets of Vienna.

On this day: the death of Martina von Trapp

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Martina von Trapp, the inspiration for the character of Gretl in The Sound of Music, died giving birth to her first child on the 25th of February, 1951. She was thirty at the time.

Martina was not particularly similar to her movie version, as she had dark hair and eyes, and was in her late teens when she left Austria, not five, as she is in the movie.

She was buried in Vermont, holding her stillborn daughter.

On this day: The First Battle of the Isonzo

Fought between Italy and Austria-Hungary, the First Battle of the Isonzo concluded on the 7th of July, 1915.

Despite being outnumbered two to one, Austria-Hungary defeated Italy in a battle that began on the 23rd of the previous month.

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424px-Schützengraben_im_KarstThe First Battle of the Isonzo was fought between the Armies of Italy and Austria-Hungary on the Italian Front in World War I, between 23 June and 7 July 1915.

On this day: the first performance of The Magic Flute

Stage set for Mozart's Magic Flute 1815

An 1815 set for the opera.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s famous opera, The Magic Flute, premiered in Vienna on the 30th of September, 1791.

368px-Zauberflöte-Theaterzettel1791The Magic Flute – playbill of the first performance on September 30, 1791 at Schikaneder's Theater auf der Wieden in Vienna.

The playbill for the premiere.

Emanuel Schikaneder, who wrote the German libretto, hosted the premiere at his theatre, the Freihaus-Theater auf der Wieden. Mozart conducted the orchestra, while Schikaneder performed in the show alongside Mozart’s sister-in-law.

397px-SchikanedersTroupe1791Josepha Hofer in performance with the Schikaneder troupe. Mozart's sister-in-law.

Mozart’s sister-in-law, Josepha Hofer.

The opera was immediately considered a success, though no reviews of the first performance exist.

On this day: the Siege of Vienna

The Ottoman Turks began their Siege of Vienna on the 27th of September 1529. Suleiman the Magnificent led the Ottoman Empire’s first attempt to take Vienna.

The siege ran until the 15th of October, when the Christian Coalition defeated the Ottomans.

Austrian troops clash with Turks outside Vienna.

Engraving of clashes between the Austrians and Ottomans outside Vienna, 1529.