On this day: a Royal Visit in Canada

King Edward VII came to power in January of 1901, upon the death of his mother, Queen Victoria. The King’s son and heir and his wife, the Duke of York and the Duchess of Cornwall, subsequently went on a world tour of British territories.

They are photographed here in Ottawa, Canada’s capital city, attending a lacrosse tournament on the 21st September.

Ottawa Canada Duke's visit, 21st September, 1901. Royal party at Lacrosse match. 1901 royal tour of Canada by Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York. Edwardian era.

That day the Duke also presented medals:

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On this day: human rights in Canada

Ukrainians in Castle Mountain concentration camp in 1915.

The 22nd of August, 1914 saw the passing of Canada’s War Measures Act. The act would result in government-sanctioned human rights abuses against Canadians of largely Ukrainian origin.

Ukrainians were declared “enemy aliens” and thousands were put into concentration camps to be used for slave labour across Canada. They were seen as enemies because the western regions of their homeland were under Austro-Hungarian rule at the outbreak of the First World War.

Some 80 000 Ukrainians who weren’t imprisoned were still required to register as enemy aliens and barred from leaving the country.

Plaque and statue at Castle Mountain near Banff.

The infamous Castle Mountain Internment Camp in Alberta saw prisoners used to work in the national parks, where they established the groundwork for the massive tourism to Banff and Lake Louise seen today.

Abuses at the camp were widespread, and were reported as far away as Britain.

Internment continued for two years after the war ended.

Kapuskasing_ON_3The Ukrainian cemetery at the Kapuskasing Internment Camp a concentration camp for mostly ethnic Ukrainians imprisoned to be used for slave labour during the First Wor

Ukrainian cemetery at the Kapuskasing Internment Camp in Ontario.

The internment of ethnic groups was widespread across many countries in both the First and Second World Wars, including in Australia and the United States, though the internment of Japanese Americans in the 1940s is generally the only instance most know of.

On this day: a Centenary in Canada

Copy of a photograph of Mayor James Sharpe and his wife, Edie, taken in front of the memorial plaque in Centennial Park, Deseronto, Ontario, on the occasion of the celebration of the tow

Copy of a photograph of Mayor James Sharpe and Chief Earl Hill, taken in front of the memorial plaque in Centennial Park, Deseronto, Ontario, on the occasion of the celebration of the to

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Mayor James Sharpe, his wife Edie, and Chief Earl Hill pose in front of the plaque in Centennial Park on the hundredth anniversary of the founding of Deseronto, Ontario, Canada. 19th June 1971. The Sharpes wear 1870s clothing for the occasion.

Deseronto is named after Captain John Deseronto, a native Mohawk leader and a captain in the British Military Forces during the American Revolutionary War.

On this day: a Town is Liberated

Group_of_prisoners_who_surrendered_to_Canadians_in_Courseulles Two German officers in a group of prisoners who surrendered to Canadian troops in Courseulles-sur-Mer - June 6, 1944. Secon

This photograph, taken on the 6th of June, 1944, shows German soldiers – including two officers – surrendering to Canadian troops in the French town of Courseulles-sur-Mer.

Below are the Canadians arriving on the beach in their preparations to take over the area.

Taken on D-Day, the first day of the Normandy landings in the Second World War, the town is widely believed to be the first liberated in the massive Allied campaign.

Images of locals and soldiers celebrating Bastille Day together just over a month later can be seen HERE.

On this day: free bread to honour the Queen

Canada honoured the Queen’s official birthday on the 21st of May this year. The British monarchs have celebrated an official birthday separate to their real birthday since the 1740s.

In 1859 this holiday occurred on the 24th of May, which was in fact Queen Victoria’s real birthday. To mark the occasion officials in Toronto handed out tickets for free loaves of bread.

1859-queens-birthday-vs As part of the celebrations surrounding Queen Victoria's birthday, the City of Toronto distributed free loaves of bread by way of tickets such as this one. Good f

On this day: the King’s official birthday.

This image is of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth in Ottawa, Canada’s capital city, on the King’s official birthday on the 19th of May, 1939.

The British monarch has celebrated an official birthday separate to their real birthday since George II began the tradition in 1748. The purpose of the different date was to ensure celebrations could be held in a warmer month, where there was a better chance of the weather being fine.

RoyalVisitLandsdownePark Arrival of Their Majesties King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, in the State carriage, in front of grandstand at Lansdowne Park, Ottawa, Canada. 19th May 1939.

Christmas in Canada

This photograph was taken on Christmas Day, 1901 in Ontario, Canada. People play ice hockey on the Rideau Canal in the capital city, Ottawa. The original image is slightly darker.

Source

Ice_hockey_1901 Hockey on the [Rideau] Canal [Christmas Day 1901]. 25 December 1901 Ottawa, Ontario. Canada. Winter Black and White