On this day: Russia’s mass deportations of the Baltic peoples began.

Estonian children who had been forcibly deported to Siberia by Russian authorities. 1952.

Estonian children in Siberia in 1952

Operation Priboi (“Coastal Surf”) was the code name for the Soviet mass deportation from the Baltic states on 25–28 March 1949. The action is also known as the March deportation by Baltic historians. More than 90,000 Estonians, Latvians and Lithuanians, labeled as enemies of the people, were deported to forced settlements in inhospitable areas of the Soviet Union.

Over 70% of the deportees were women and children under the age of 16.

On this day: the Butler Act is enacted

On the 21st of March, 1925, the Butler Act, a Tennessee law banning the teaching of evolution, and forcing public school teachers to acknowledge the Biblical account of the origin of humankind, came into effect.

The Butler Act 1925 Tennessee law prohibiting public school teachers denying Biblical account of man's origin. Signed into law by Tennessee governor Austin Peay. The law also prevented t

Austin Peay

Signed into law by Austin Peay, the Governor of Tennessee, it was infamously challenged in court a few weeks afterwards.

Tennessee verses John T. Scopes Trial, "Dayton, Tennessee", July 1925,  William Silverman Photographs, accession #10-042, View of trial proceedings outdoors (man taking down "Read Your Bible" sign)

The Scopes Trial.

The law stayed in effect until 1967.

 

On this day: the plane crash that killed an entire sporting team

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Found in the wreckage X

On the 15th of February, 1961 the plane transporting the entire US figure skating team to the World Championships crashed in Belgium, killing everyone on board.

 sports_illustrated_41770_19610213-001-2048laurence-owen-two-days-before-her-death-1961-figure-skater

Two days earlier, national ladies’ champion Laurence Owen, aged sixteen, had been featured on the cover of Sports Illustrated. There is a common myth that appearing on the cover of the magazine curses athletes, as she is not the only person to have something terrible happen soon afterwards.

 owens-girlslaurence-and-maribel-owen-with-their-legendary-mother-coach-maribel

The Owen family. X

Owen’s sister Maribel, also a member of the team, and her mother, a coach and former champion herself, were also on the flight.

In addition to the seventy-two people on the plane, a farmer was also killed by flying debris.

1961-u_s_-figure-skating-team-sabena-flight-548the-united-states-figure-skating-association-team-boarding-sabena-flight-sn548-at-idlewild-airport-new-york-14-february-1961

The team boards the plane the day before the crash. X

Once news of the crash got out, the Championships, scheduled to be held in Prague, were cancelled to honour the victims.

On this day: the Schoolhouse Blizzard

The Schoolhouse Blizzard, also known as the Children’s Blizzard, was a deadly storm that occurred in the United States on the 12th of January, 1888.

Scenes_and_Incidents_from_the_Recent_Terrible_Blizzard_in_Dakota_(Schoolhouse_Blizzard)

Following relatively warm temperatures, a blizzard struck the US plains, trapping many people who were caught unawares. 235 deaths were recorded, including children who had become trapped in schoolhouses.

The Schoolhouse Blizzard, also known as the Schoolchildren's Blizzard, School Children's Blizzard,[1] or Children's Blizzard,[2] hit the U.S. plains states on January 12, 1888.

Stories of heroic teachers leading their students through the snow to safety became widely told. Some groups were successful, while others froze to death.

Christmas Day during the war

English children around the Christmas cake in Pinner, Middlesex on Christmas Day, 1944.

jean-devereux-cuts-the-cake-in-her-house-in-pinner-middlesex-on-christmas-day-1944

The girl cutting the cake is Jean Devereux, and her father was serving in the war in Italy at the time. The tree is a gift from him, purchased through the “Gifts to Home League” which was operated by the YMCA.

Below is an image of the tree being delivered to the house.

a-representative-of-the-ymca-delivers-a-christmas-tree-to-mrs-devereux-in-pinner-the-tree-is-a-present-from-her-husband-serving-in-the-arm-and-purchased-through-the-gifts-to-home-league-of-the-ymc