The Carrickfergus Model School in County Antrim, Ireland (now Northern Ireland) is seen here on the 19th of July, 1907. The school opened in the Victorian era, and is still running today.
On the 1st of July, 1918, the deadliest explosion in British history occurred near Chilwell in Nottinghamshire, England.
The disaster happened at National Filling Factory No. 6, a First World War munitions factory that had been in operation since 1915. The factory was known for its “Canary girls“: women shell makers.
On the day of the disaster eight tons of TNT blew up, killing 134 people and injuring 250 others, however newspapers at the time reported a much lower death toll.
The site of the factory is now home to Chetwynd Barracks.
A British sentry is photographed here in the lead-up to the Battle of the Somme. Seen on the 28th of June, 1916 – three days before the months-long battle began – he watches from outside Café Jordan, Mailly Maillet, France.
The photographer was Ernest Brooks, a Englishman most famous for his work in the First World War.
This image is of the British Army preparing mortar ammunition in Acheux, France for the infamous Battle of the Somme in the First World War. The image is dated the 28th of June, 1916, while the battle began on the 1st of July, resulting in over a million casualties (about one third of the soldiers who fought).
The battle concluded on the 18th of November.