This image shows the community rallying together in the middle of the destruction.
At 10:27am on the 28th of December, 1989, an earthquake hit Newcastle, Australia. Measuring 5.6 on the Richter scale, the quake caused around $4 billion damage to the New South Wales city, left thirteen people dead, and injured over 160 others.
Nine people were killed in the Newcastle Workers Club, where the floor collapsed.
As there was a bus strike the day of the disaster, fewer people than usual were in town.
Horrifying news coming out of Norcia in Italy right now. The third earthquake to hit the region has finally destroyed the world-famous church (and the alleged birthplace of Saint Benedict) in the main square.
We were staying overlooking the church only a few months ago, and now it seems there’s terrible destruction throughout the town.
The Charlevoix-Kamouraska earthquake took place in north-eastern North America on the 28th of February, 1925.
The epicentre of the quake was in the Charlevoix-Kamouraska area along the Saint Lawrence River.
Damage in Shawinigan, Quebec.
Reaching 6.2 on the Moment magnitude scale, the worst of the damage occurred in three separate areas of Quebec, Canada.
On the 22nd of February, 2011 Christchurch, on New Zealand’s South Island, was hit by a major earthquake. 185 people were killed and much of the city’s centre was severely damaged or destroyed.
Included in the damage was ChristChurch Cathedral.
Sir George Gilbert Scott
The cathedral was built between 1864 and 1904, designed by Sir George Gilbert Scott, a world-renowned English Gothic revival architect.
The Canterbury region the city of Christchurch is in has been hit by many earthquakes over the years, and the cathedral had also been damaged in 1881, 1888, 1901, 1922, and only five and a half months earlier, in 2010.
In 2011, however, the damage was severe, bringing down the spire and half of the tower, collapsing part of the roof, and causing other structural damage.
Since February 2011, the church has largely been in favour of pulling the remains of the building down, while others in the community have fought a long – sometimes legal – battle to preserve the city’s most iconic structure.
Kingston in 1907, showing destroyed buildings. Source
On the 14th of January, 1907 an earthquake struck Kingston, the capital city of Jamaica.
Hitting at 3:30pm and measuring 6.5 on the moment magnitude scale, the earthquake killed between eight-hundred and a thousand people and flattened 85% of the buildings in the area.
Following the earthquake a fire broke out, causing more damage. A tsunami hit soon afterwards, flooding the lower parts of town.
On the 13th of August, 1868, a magnitude 8.5 or 9 earthquake near Arica, Peru (now Chile) killed more than 25 000 people and destroyed much of the southern part of the country.
Damage in Arica in 1868
The tsunami(s) that followed crossed the Pacific Ocean and had effects as far away as Australia and Japan.
USS Wateree beached in Arica
The tsunami drove three ships, two of them US ships, 800 metres inland, and did significant damage both in New Zealand (where it also killed one person) and Hawaii.