On this day: a Peace Treaty is Signed

The Treaty of Versailles, the most important of the peace treaties to end the First World War, was signed in the Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of Versailles on the 28th of June, 1919.

The war also began on the 28th of June, when Serbian assassin Gavrilo Princip murdered Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife, Sophie five years before.

The Signing of Peace in the Hall of Mirrors, Versailles, 28th June 1919.

Painted by Irish artist William Orpen

The Signing of Peace in the Hall of Mirrors, Versailles, 28th June 1919.

On this day: a pet dog at war

This image of British soldiers playing with their dog in a trench near Gavrelle, France is dated the 27th of June, 1917.

Taking pets and native animal mascots to the trenches was quite common in the First World War, including kangaroos, and Winnie the black bear who inspired Winnie-the-Pooh.

The British Army on the Western Front, 1914-1918 Soldiers in an old trench near Gavrelle playing with their pet dog, 27th June 1917.

 

On this day: the Battle of Morales

The Battle of Morales, part of the Peninsula War over the Iberian Peninsula, was fought on the 2nd of June, 1813.

Considered a victory for the British and a defeat for the French, the battle took place in the region of Toro, Zamora, Spain.

The Peninsula War was part of the larger Napoleonic Wars, and lasted a few days short of six years.

Battle_of_Morales,_2nd_June,_1813;_painted_by_William_Heath,_engraved_by_Thomas_SutherlandThe Battle of Morales Spain 2 June 1813. Between the Duke of Wellington vanguard and the rear gu

The Battle of the Saintes

The caption for this painting reads:
Lord Rodney’s flagship ‘Formidable’ breaking through the French line at the battle of the Saintes, 12th April 1782, painted between 1784 and 1787 by Lieutenant William Elliott of the Royal Navy.
Taking place in the West Indies, the Battle of the Saintes was part of the American Revolutionary War, and took place between the 9th and 12th of April, resulting in a decisive victory for Britain.
Lord Rodney_s flagship ‘Formidable_ breaking through the French line at the battle of the Saintes, 12th April 1782, painted between 1784 and 1787 by Lieutenant William Elliott of t

On this day: International Unemployment Day

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International Unemployment Day was an event that took place at the time of the Great Depression, occurring on the 6th of March, 1930. Hundreds of thousands of people around the world, including in the United States, Germany, England, France, Spain and Austria marched to protest mass unemployment.

In New York City and Detroit the protests turned violent, with baton-wielding police attacking crowds of tens of thousands.

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New York’s The Communist newspaper gave the incorrect date for the event.

Germany, the non-Soviet country with the largest Communist Party, also saw their protests turn violent, while in Austria demonstrators clashed with Fascist youth in the streets of Vienna.

On this day: the Battle of Corunna

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The death of Sir John Moore X

Part of the Peninsula War (1807-14), the Battle of Corunna took place in Spain on the 16th of January, 1809.

Fought in Galicia, the battle was between the United Kingdom and France, and concluded with a British victory. However, the battle also paved the way for French occupation of other areas.

The British lost 900 men; the French lost between 600 and 700.

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Amongst the British dead was Sir John Moore, who was reassured of his victory before he died.