On this day: Japan Surrenders

The_Far_East-_Singapore,_Malaya_and_Hong_Kong_1939-1945_A30522Indian soldier who'd been kept as a Japanese prisoner of war in Hong Kong, being cared for by British nurses aboard the hosp

Imperial Japan surrendered on the 15th of August, 1945, effectively ending the Second World War (the official surrender came on the 2nd of September).

The moment resulted in the liberation of occupied regions across Asia and the Pacific, where many sex slaves and prisoners of war were kept in appalling conditions.

The photograph shows an emaciated Indian soldier who’d been kept as a prisoner of war in Hong Kong, being cared for by British nurses aboard the hospital ship Oxfordshire.

From the collection of the Imperial War Museum.

On this day: the bombing of the Kashmir Princess

The Kashmir Princess was a chartered Lockheed L-749A Constellation aircraft owned by Air India. On 11 April 1955, it was damaged in midair by a bomb explosion and crashed into the South China Sea.

The Kashmir Princess, an aircraft operated by Air India, was bombed and sank into the South China Sea on the 11th of April, 1955.

Of the nineteen people on board, sixteen died.

Zhou_Enlai_MeiyuanXincun17_Nanjing_1946Zhou Enlai (Chinese 周恩来; Wade–Giles Chou En-lai 5 March 1898 – 8 January 1976) was the first Premier of the People's Republic of China

Zhou Enlai in 1946

It emerged that the target of the bombing was China’s first Premier, Zhou Enlai, though he was not on the flight. More recently it has emerged that he might have known about the assassination attempt and so did not board the plane, even though he claimed to have been delayed due to surgery.

The aeroplane was supposed to have travelled from Bombay, India to Hong Kong and then on to Jakarta, Indonesia.

While China accused the United States’ CIA for the bombing, America has always denied the claims. Evidence points to Kremlin-backed Chinese nationalist party Kuomintang as the likely bombers.