100 Years Ago: the end of a war

Vittorio_Veneto1918IWM British and Italian convoys passing abandoned Austro-Hungarian artillery Val d'Assa mountain road. Pass was entered by the 143rd Infantry Brigade, 48th Division, a

2nd November 1918: Nine days before the end of the First World War, British and Italian convoys pass abandoned Austro-Hungarian artillery on a mountain road.

The photograph was taken during the Battle of Vittorio Veneto, in Italy’s north.

The battle concluded the following day, marking both an Italian victory and the end of the war on the Italian front.

On this day: Hungary’s Arrow Cross Party takes power


The flag of the Arrow Cross

Very similar to Germany’s Nazi Party, Hungary’s Arrow Cross party took power on the 15th of October, 1944.

Following similar ideas to Hitler, during Arrow Cross’ reign thousands of people died, and tens of thousands of people were deported.


Just as the Nazis did, party members believed in a “master race”. Their view of this race included Hungarians and Germans. Ironically, the party’s views on race clashed with Hitler’s plans for central Europe.


Jewish victims of Arrow Cross anti-Semitism. X

By early 1945, Arrow Cross had almost lost power. After World War Two had ended, members of the party were tried on war crimes.

On this day: The First Battle of the Isonzo

Fought between Italy and Austria-Hungary, the First Battle of the Isonzo concluded on the 7th of July, 1915.

Despite being outnumbered two to one, Austria-Hungary defeated Italy in a battle that began on the 23rd of the previous month.


424px-Schützengraben_im_KarstThe First Battle of the Isonzo was fought between the Armies of Italy and Austria-Hungary on the Italian Front in World War I, between 23 June and 7 July 1915.

On this day: the Treznea Massacre

Iuliu Maniu Square in Zalău on September 8, 1940 few days after the Second Vienna Award, Hungarian Army troops entering in Zalău. The Assumption Cathedral can be seen in background.

Hungarian troops nearby the day before the massacre

On the 9th of September, 1940, at least 93 (and up to 263, depending on which country is reporting) Romanians were massacred by Hungarian troops in the village of Treznea during the handing over of Northern Transylvania.

Amongst the dead were the local priest, the schoolteacher and his wife. The Orthodox church was partially burnt down.

This is a controversial event in the history of the Second World War, and historians in Hungary present a very different version of events to historians in Romania.