This Christmas tree image was taken in Hungary in 1940. In November of the same year the country had joined the Axis Powers, and remained both staunchly pro-German and fascist throughout the Second World War.
2nd November 1918: Nine days before the end of the First World War, British and Italian convoys pass abandoned Austro-Hungarian artillery on a mountain road.
The photograph was taken during the Battle of Vittorio Veneto, in Italy’s north.
The battle concluded the following day, marking both an Italian victory and the end of the war on the Italian front.
The flag of the Arrow Cross
Very similar to Germany’s Nazi Party, Hungary’s Arrow Cross party took power on the 15th of October, 1944.
Following similar ideas to Hitler, during Arrow Cross’ reign thousands of people died, and tens of thousands of people were deported.
Just as the Nazis did, party members believed in a “master race”. Their view of this race included Hungarians and Germans. Ironically, the party’s views on race clashed with Hitler’s plans for central Europe.
Jewish victims of Arrow Cross anti-Semitism. X
By early 1945, Arrow Cross had almost lost power. After World War Two had ended, members of the party were tried on war crimes.
Fought between Italy and Austria-Hungary, the First Battle of the Isonzo concluded on the 7th of July, 1915.
Despite being outnumbered two to one, Austria-Hungary defeated Italy in a battle that began on the 23rd of the previous month.
The Battle of Ménfő was fought between the Germans and the Magyars (Hungarians) in present-day Hungary on the 6th of July, 1044. It was a victory for the Germans.
A 14th century depiction of the battle:
Hungarian troops nearby the day before the massacre
On the 9th of September, 1940, at least 93 (and up to 263, depending on which country is reporting) Romanians were massacred by Hungarian troops in the village of Treznea during the handing over of Northern Transylvania.
Amongst the dead were the local priest, the schoolteacher and his wife. The Orthodox church was partially burnt down.
This is a controversial event in the history of the Second World War, and historians in Hungary present a very different version of events to historians in Romania.