Christmas Day 120 Years Ago

Bethlehem_1898The picture shows a man and a woman approaching Bethlehem with a donkey. It was taken on Christmas Day, 1898

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Bethlehem. 25th December 1898: A man and a woman recreate the approach of Mary and Joseph to Bethlehem. At the time the city was ruled by the Ottoman Empire.

100 Years Ago

Allenby_enters_Jerusalem_1917General Sir Edmund Allenby entering the Holy City of Jerusalem on foot 1917 to show respect for the holy place. First World War One

Following the surrender of the Ottoman Empire two days earlier, Britain’s General Sir Edmund Allenby entered Jerusalem on the 11th of December, 1917.

Described as a Christmas present to the British people, this event saw the city come under Christian rule for the first time in centuries.

Allenby entered the city on foot as a sign of respect to the holy place.

The Turkish surrender came during the Battle of Jerusalem that began in mid-November.

100 Years Ago: Bethlehem at Wartime

4th_Sussex_Regiment_marching_through_Bethlehem,_9_December_1917_(IWM_Q12620) 4th Sussex Regiment marching through Bethlehem, 9 December 1917 Foirst World War One English British

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9th December 1917: Britain’s 4th Sussex Regiment photographed marching through Bethlehem days before Christmas.

The city was under Ottoman control until the end of the First World War the following year.

100 Years Ago

The Ottoman Empire surrendered Jerusalem to British rule on the 9th of December, 1917.

The surrender came during the Battle of Jerusalem, which was fought from the 17th of November. The battle saw the combined forces of Britain, Australia, India and New Zealand defeat the Ottoman (Turkish) and German Empires.

The image shows the Ottoman mayor of Jerusalem and Ottoman prisoners of war meeting British representatives under the white flag of surrender.

On this day: Australian troops in Damascus, Syria.

The caption for this photograph (as written by the Australian War Memorial, Canberra) is as below:

The Turkish Hospital in Damascus on 1 October 1918, shortly after the entry of the Australian 4th Light Horse Regiment.

To read more about this complicated point in Syrian and Middle Eastern history, you can begin HERE.

4ALHinDamascus The Turkish Hospital in Damascus on 1 October 1918, shortly after the entry of the Australian 4th Light Horse Regiment.