From the collection of the Australian War Memorial, Canberra.
Soldiers of the 3rd Australian Division at the entrance to the General Staff Office on the 21st of October, 1917. This was during fighting at Ypres, Belgium in the First World War.
This photograph is dated the 21st of October, 1945. After surrendering to Australian forces, Japanese soldiers and civilians on the Southeast Asian island of Borneo prepare to leave for Jesselton (modern-day Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia) for repatriation.
As with Russia in territories annexed by the Soviet Union, Imperial Japan imported hundreds of thousands of their own people into occupied territories outside Japanese borders. These locations included Korea, China and Taiwan. There, they enjoyed a higher social standing than the original occupants.
Prior to the takeover, for a few months the city served as the capital of the Republic of China as other parts of the country fell to communism.
After the Communist occupation, much of the city’s heritage and cultural icons were destroyed.
This photograph shows Italian sailors arriving in Tripoli, the capital of the North African land of Libya, on the 5th of October, 1911.
Italy and Turkey fought a war in the region from late September, 1911 until October, 1912. The conflict resulted in an Italian victory, and the Kingdom of Italy captured what was to become known as Italian Libya.
Italy lost control of Libya in 1943, when losing ground to the Allies in the Second World War.
Disaster struck New Jersey, USA on the 4th of October, 1918, when an explosion hit the T. A. Gillespie Company Shell Loading Plant. The First World War munitions plant, one of the largest in the world, was hit by a large explosion that started a fire and went on to trigger more explosions over the next two days.
The plant itself, as well as some three-hundred other buildings, were destroyed.
Because employment records were destroyed in the explosion the exact death toll is unclear, however it is believed to be around a hundred. Hundreds of other people were injured.
The disaster is generally believed to be an accident.
About a century later, the area is still affected by explosive substances.