On this day…

Mount Vesuvius in Italy erupted in March, 1944, destroying a number of villages.

North American soldiers were in the area at the time, fighting in the Second World War.

The original caption of the picture reads:

Crew member cleaning the ashes and cinders off the wing of a North American B-25 of the 340th Bomb Group. This was caused by the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius on 23 March 1944.

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On this day: the Great Dayton Flood

Postcard showing a view of Fifth Street looking west from Main Street, showing the flood waters when the flood was at its crest. March 1913.

The Great Dayton Flood, when the overflowing Great Miami River inundated Ohio, began on the 21st of March, 1913.

Over the course of the next few days, an estimated 360 people died, making the flood the worst natural disaster in the state’s history.

4th Street of Dayton, OH, USA during Great Miami Flood in 1913.

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In addition to the destruction caused by the water, a gas explosion and exposed gas lines resulted in fires that caused significant damage. The damage to property included the loss of around 20 000 homes.

Despite being a historically significant city, because of the flood today there are few historic buildings left in Dayton.

Mt Vesuvius in 1944

Mount Vesuvius, a volcano on the Gulf of Naples in Italy, had one of its more destructive eruptions in March 1944.

The eruption destroyed the villages of San Sebastiano al Vesuvio, Massa di Somma and Ottaviano. Part of San Giorgio a Cremano was also destroyed.

John Reinhardt, serving in the US Army Air Forces in the Second World War, took this photograph.

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On this day: the Tasmanian bushfires

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Source

On the 7th of February, 1967, Tasmania’s deadliest fire disaster occurred in the middle of a summer heatwave.

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Destruction near the state’s capital city, Hobart. X

In what would come to be known as the Black Tuesday fires, 62 people were killed and over 900 were injured. Thousands of homes and animals were lost, and the damage was estimated to be around $40 000 000 at the time ($100 000 000 in today’s money).

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People watch homes burn.

The causes of the disaster are listed as heatwave and strong winds, back burning (hazard reduction burns that got out of control), and arson.

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The Cascade Brewery was destroyed. X

There were 110 fires on the day, and only 22 were listed as accidents.

On this day: the Brighton Tornado

Three tornadoes hit Brighton in Melbourne, Australia on the 2nd of February, 1918.

Beginning at around 5:45pm, the storm killed a man and a boy. The drowning of a woman swimming at St Kilda Beach is believed to also have been caused by the disaster.

The Hawthorn Methodist Church (in the image below) was destroyed, and later rebuilt.

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Brighton-tornado The Methodist Church, Hawthorn Road, Brighton, Australia, destroyed in the Brighton tornado on February 2nd, 1918.

On this day: the first day of the blizzard of 1977

The 1977 blizzard that hit parts of New York, USA and Ontario, Canada, began on the 28th of January, 1977.

Wind gusts from 46 to 69 mph (74 to 111 km/h) hit daily, and more than 2.5 metres of snow were recorded in a storm that lasted into February and saw dozens of deaths registered.

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