March 1906: Destruction in Yorkshire

The seaside resort of Hornsea in East Riding of Yorkshire, England was devastated by storms in March of 1906. The timber defences along the coastline were destroyed, and much of the beach was swept away.

Around 1907 work began on a new seawall. It can be seen completed in the second image, taken in 1910.

Hornsea_seafront_1906_after_storm_and_1910_after_construction_of_sea_wall Hornsea seafront 1906 after storm and 1910 after construction of sea wall 1912 book. the East Riding of Yorkshir

On this day: Sequoia National Park is Founded

Sequoia National Park Established 25th September 1890

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Sequoia National Park in California, USA, was established on the 25th of September, 1890.

Ash Mountain Entrance Sign, Sequoia National Park.

In the mid-twentieth century. Source

Famous for its giant sequoia trees, the park is home to the world’s largest tree, and is also famous for preserving a pre-European landscape in the state.

Mt Vesuvius in 1944

Mount Vesuvius, a volcano on the Gulf of Naples in Italy, had one of its more destructive eruptions in March 1944.

The eruption destroyed the villages of San Sebastiano al Vesuvio, Massa di Somma and Ottaviano. Part of San Giorgio a Cremano was also destroyed.

John Reinhardt, serving in the US Army Air Forces in the Second World War, took this photograph.

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On this day: the Tasmanian bushfires

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On the 7th of February, 1967, Tasmania’s deadliest fire disaster occurred in the middle of a summer heatwave.

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Destruction near the state’s capital city, Hobart. X

In what would come to be known as the Black Tuesday fires, 62 people were killed and over 900 were injured. Thousands of homes and animals were lost, and the damage was estimated to be around $40 000 000 at the time ($100 000 000 in today’s money).

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People watch homes burn.

The causes of the disaster are listed as heatwave and strong winds, back burning (hazard reduction burns that got out of control), and arson.

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The Cascade Brewery was destroyed. X

There were 110 fires on the day, and only 22 were listed as accidents.

On this day: the Schoolhouse Blizzard

The Schoolhouse Blizzard, also known as the Children’s Blizzard, was a deadly storm that occurred in the United States on the 12th of January, 1888.

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Following relatively warm temperatures, a blizzard struck the US plains, trapping many people who were caught unawares. 235 deaths were recorded, including children who had become trapped in schoolhouses.

The Schoolhouse Blizzard, also known as the Schoolchildren's Blizzard, School Children's Blizzard,[1] or Children's Blizzard,[2] hit the U.S. plains states on January 12, 1888.

Stories of heroic teachers leading their students through the snow to safety became widely told. Some groups were successful, while others froze to death.

On this day: Tornado damage in Rhode Island

The 1938 New England hurricane formed off the coast of Africa on the 9th, and hit the United States on the 21st of September.

Estimated to have killed at least 682 people, the destruction was photographed at Island Park in Rhode Island on the 22nd.

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On this day: the last passenger pigeon

On the 1st of September, 1914, the world’s last passenger pigeon died in the Cincinnati Zoo in the United States.

Martha the last passenger pigeon. 1912.

Martha circa 1912

A female, named Martha, the pigeon was part of a species that was native to North America, and once one of the most populous in the world. The passenger pigeon once accounted for one in every four birds in North America.

Albert Cooper, a trapper who used decoy pigeons to trap hundreds of wild birds (c. 1870)Decoy_Passenger_Pigeon

Albert Cooper, circa 1870. He trapped hundreds of wild birds using decoy pigeons.

Hunting, the sale of pigeon meat, and the loss of habitat meant that the passenger pigeon died out.

ThePassengerPigeon1T. Phillips' Store, a typical game store of the 1870s.

US game shop circa 1870

Conservationists made many attempts to save the birds, but the laws were not enforced.