On this day: A Policeman as a Bushranger

PolicemanWearingKellyArmourPhotograph taken on 5 July 1880 of a policeman equipped with Byrne's helmet and Ned Kelly's rifle and skull cap. Bushranger.

5th July 1880: one week after the Kelly Gang siege at Glenrowan, an Australian policeman poses with the equipment of two of the bushrangers (highwaymen) killed. The helmet belonged to Joe Byrne, and the rifle and skullcap belonged to gang leader Ned Kelly.

The Landowner's Secret by Sonya Heaney blog-sized

The Glenrowan siege came at the end of the bushranger era, as improved communication technology and the arrival of the railway made it harder for bushrangers to operate. My book The Landowner’s Secret takes place around this time.

On this day: a Victorian School Opens

Harby_Primary_School_1895 The village school and pupils 1895 Leicestershire England Victorian Era Christian

Pupils of the school photographed in 1895.

The Church of England Primary School in the village of Harby in Leicestershire, England opened on the 25th of March, 1861.

Part of the National Society for Promoting Religious Education, an organisation formed to promote education in England and Wales before the government began to regulate the school system, the building was constructed in 1860. It had two classrooms, and living accommodations for the teacher.

On this day: Australians off to War

Signallers from the Australian 2-15th Infantry Battalion at Pyrmont, Sydney, just before embarkation for the Middle East, 28th December 1940(AWM_photo_005560) Second World War Two

28th December 1940: Members of the Australian 2/15th Infantry Battalion wait to board the troop transport the Queen Mary at Pyrmont in Sydney. They were about to leave to fight in the Middle East.

Second World War.

From the collection of the Australian War Memorial, Canberra.

On this day: Christmas after the Korean War

23rd December 1953: Australian soldiers finish decorating a Christmas tree near the new border between North and South Korea. The tree is decorated with electric lights, to be powered by a generator.

The Korean War ended earlier that year, in July. 17 000 Australians served in Korea between 1950 and 1953.

From the collection of the Australian War Memorial, Canberra.

Christmas_in_Korea,_1953_(3116644983) 23rd December 1953 Korean War The finishing touches are made to the Christmas tree at C Company, 3rd Battalion, The Royal Australian Regiment electr

On this day: Genocide deniers in America in 1933

Communists_attacking_a_parade_of_Ukrainians_in_Chicago__17_12_1933American communists attack a group of Ukrainians in Chicago who were demonstrating to raise awareness of Stalin's genocide of the people of Ukraine.

In a photograph dated the 17th of December, 1933, American communists attack a group of Ukrainians in Chicago, USA. The Ukrainians were demonstrating to raise awareness of the Holodomor, Stalin’s genocide of millions of people in Ukraine.

Between 1932 and 1933 Soviet authorities confiscated the food and crops of millions of ethnic Ukrainians, deliberately starving them to death. A similar genocide was also committed in Kazakhstan, where 42% of the ethnic population was killed and replaced with Russian colonists.

Unlike the Holocaust, there was very limited Western media coverage of the Holodomor, despite conservative estimates putting Ukraine’s death toll on par with it, and other estimates putting it even higher. This was because prominent journalists were either friends of Stalin or communists themselves, and they refused to report on it.

Amongst these genocide deniers was The New York Times’ Walter Duranty, while Welsh reporter Gareth Jones risked his life to get the truth out.

On this day: the Publication of Thumbelina

Казки_Андерсена_(1873)__Стор__78-79An illustration from Казки Андерсена з короткою ёго життєписью (1873) —Thumbelina first Ukrain

1873 illustration from the first Ukrainian translation. X

Danish author Hans Christian Andersen‘s fairy tale Thumbelina was published for the first time on the 16th of December, 1835.

The story, about a “thumb-sized” girl who goes on an adventure involving toads, birds, and a mole, and who then meets a miniature prince, wasn’t well-received at the time because it didn’t teach any morals.

The first English translation of the book was completed by Mary Howitt in the 1840s.

Usually omitted from English versions of the story, Andersen’s original featured a bluebird telling the story to Andersen himself. The bird had been in love with Thumbelina, and was heartbroken when she married the prince.

On this day: Australians off to War

Crowds_gather_to_watch_the_Air_Force_Parade_in_Queen_Street_Brisbane,_Australia December_1940_(14148815259)8 December 1940 Second World War Two

Nearly one in ten of the personnel serving under Britain’s Royal Air Force command in the Second World War were from the Royal Australian Air Force.

On this day: Attack on Pearl Harbor

US Marines are seen here taking up positions near the unfinished swimming pool during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on the 7th of December, 1941.

The attack finally succeeded in drawing the United States into the Second World War.

On this day: the face of battle

A_British_infantry_sergeant_Second World War Two Black and White 1940s Vintage_BU1434The face of battle an infantry sergeant during the advance into Germany near Geilenkirchen, 5 Decembe

5th December 1944: Named by the Imperial War Museum the face of battle, this photograph is of a British infantry sergeant advancing into Geilenkirchen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany – on the border with the Netherlands.

The month before, this was the site of Operation Clipper, which saw an Allied victory over the Nazis.