Christmas Day 120 Years Ago

Bethlehem_1898The picture shows a man and a woman approaching Bethlehem with a donkey. It was taken on Christmas Day, 1898


Bethlehem. 25th December 1898: A man and a woman recreate the approach of Mary and Joseph to Bethlehem. At the time the city was ruled by the Ottoman Empire.

On this day: the Battle of Magdhaba

Australian_Lewis_gunner_MagdhabaAustralian War Memorial image P00812.011. An Australian soldier firing a Lewis Gun during the Battle of Magdhaba 23rd December 1916 First World War One

An Australian soldier firing a Lewis Gun during the battle.

The Australian War Memorial, Canberra.

The Battle of Magdhaba, officially known in Britain as the Affair of Magdhaba, was a First World War battle fought between the British and Ottoman Empires on the 23rd of December, 1916.

9th_Light_Horse_Regiment_MagdhabaThe advance of the Australian 9th Light Horse Regiment (3rd Light Horse Brigade) at Battle of Magdhaba, 23 December 1916. First World War One

The advance of the Australian 9th Light Horse Regiment.

British Empire forces, consisting of British, Australian, Indian and New Zealand soldiers, defeated the Turks on Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula in a day of fierce fighting.

On this day: the Turks depart Crete

Turkish_departure_Chania_1898 Departure of the Turks from Chania, Crete (3rd November 1898)


Ottoman Turks are seen departing Chania (Hania) on the Greek island of Crete on the 3rd of November, 1898.

During Ottoman occupation, Chania’s churches were turned into mosques. However, a population exchange between Greece and Turkey in the 1920s at the Ottoman Empire’s dissolution ended Islamic influence in the region.

100 Years Ago

Allenby_enters_Jerusalem_1917General Sir Edmund Allenby entering the Holy City of Jerusalem on foot 1917 to show respect for the holy place. First World War One

Following the surrender of the Ottoman Empire two days earlier, Britain’s General Sir Edmund Allenby entered Jerusalem on the 11th of December, 1917.

Described as a Christmas present to the British people, this event saw the city come under Christian rule for the first time in centuries.

Allenby entered the city on foot as a sign of respect to the holy place.

The Turkish surrender came during the Battle of Jerusalem that began in mid-November.

100 Years Ago

The Ottoman Empire surrendered Jerusalem to British rule on the 9th of December, 1917.

The surrender came during the Battle of Jerusalem, which was fought from the 17th of November. The battle saw the combined forces of Britain, Australia, India and New Zealand defeat the Ottoman (Turkish) and German Empires.

The image shows the Ottoman mayor of Jerusalem and Ottoman prisoners of war meeting British representatives under the white flag of surrender.

100 Years Ago

IWM_Q12574 Third Battle of Gaza. Turkish trenches in El Arish Redoubt, Captured by the 4th Royal Scots, supported by two Companies of the 8th Cameronians, 52nd Division, 2nd November 191

2nd November 1917Third Battle of Gaza. Turkish trenches in El Arish Redoubt, captured by British forces. First World War.

The battle as fought over the night of the 1st – 2nd November, and resulted in an Allied victory over the combined forces of the German and Ottoman Empires.

100 Years Ago

#OTD in 1917 Light Horsemen charge Turkish positions at Beersheba & seize critical wells enabling the British to break the Ottoman line #ww1 Australian War Memorial Canberra First World

31st October 1917Australia’s Light Horsemen charge Turkish positions at Beersheba, enabling the British to break the Ottoman line.

This iconic moment in Australian military history is considered one of the nation’s most significant in the First World War.

From the collection of the Australian War Memorial, Canberra.