On this day: Queen Victoria in London

Her_Majesty_Greeting_her_People,_Diamond_Jubilee_Pageant,_London,_England Queen Victoria riding a coach through a crowd of onlookers during her Diamond Jubilee procession. 22nd June 1897

Link to enlarge the image.

This photograph was taken in London on the 22nd of June, 1897. Queen Victoria, then aged seventy-eight, takes part in a procession in honour of her Diamond Jubilee – sixty years on the British throne.

The Queen would die less than four years after this image was taken.

On this day: the Battle of Manila

Manila_Walled_City_Destruction_May_1945 Destruction at the Walled City (Intramuros district) of old Manila in May 1945 — after the Battle of Manila.

Aerial shot of the destruction in Manila. May 1945. X

One of the bloodiest battles in world history, the Battle of Manila (in the Philippines) ended on the 3rd of March, 1945.

Fought by the combined forces of the US and Filipino troops against Japan, the conclusion of the battle marked the end of Japanese control of the region.

U.S. troops at the Rizal Baseball Stadium, Manila, Philippines. 16th February 1945.

US troops stand in a destroyed baseball stadium.

In the month-long campaign over 100 000 civilians were killed, and Manila, the country’s capital city, was completely destroyed.

On this day: Manila in Wartime

U.S. troops at the Rizal Baseball Stadium, Manila, Philippines. 16th February 1945.

US troops stand in the Rizal Baseball Stadium in Manila in the Philippines on the 16th of February, 1945.

The Japanese had occupied the country for nearly three years. Two weeks before this image was taken, the Battle of Manila began, a fight for liberation that killed over 100 000 civilians and razed the city to the ground.

A combined force of American and Filipino troops finally defeated Japan at the beginning of March.

On this day: Manila on Fire

10th February 1945: Residents of the Philippines run from suburbs burned by the Japanese during the Battle of Manila.

The battle ran from the 3rd of February to the 3rd of March, when combined American and Filipino forces liberated the country from nearly three years of Japanese control.

Over 100 000 civilians were killed before victory was achieved.

Citizens of Manila run for safety from suburbs burned by Japanese soldiers. Philippines. 10th February 1945.

On this day: the Mayon Volcano eruption

The Mayon Volcano in the Philippines has erupted numerous times, but the worst event took place on the 1st of February, 1814.

An old photograph of the Cagsawa ruins with the façade still standing. The church was largely destroyed during the 1814 eruption of Mayon.

Many decades later (though the actual date is unknown) the 18th-century Franciscan Cagsawa church was still standing (though badly damaged). The ruins have since disintegrated significantly.

The disaster killed between 1200 and 2200 people, with different records stating wildly different numbers.

Mount Mayon in eruption on July 21, 1928.

Since then, the volcano has erupted a number of times, including in July 1928, photographed above.