Britain declared war on Germany two days later, as did Australia and New Zealand (then both part of the British Empire).
Today is the nineteenth anniversary of the start of the Russian apartment bombings, when Vladimir Putin orchestrated a series of attacks that killed hundreds of citizens across Russia in order to boost his popularity and win the presidency.
Before the first apartment bombing, a shopping mall in Moscow was attacked on the 31st of August.
The first apartment attack occurred in Buynaksk, where sixty-four people were killed and 133 were injured. The two bombings in Moscow that followed killed over 200, and an attack in Volgodonsk killed 17.
In total 293 were killed and over a thousand were injured.
Putin blamed the attacks on a group from Dagestan, and used it as an excuse for a second war in Chechnya, boosting his approval ratings and helping him to power.
Three key people trying to reveal the truth about what happened were assassinated in the years that followed: Sergei Yushenkov, Yuri Shchekochikhin, and Alexander Litvinenko – who defected to Britain and was infamously poisoned by Russian agents in a London restaurant in 2006.
Additionally, Mikhail Trepashkin spent years in a Russian prison for his role in the investigation.
Bombing at Guryanova Street in Moscow, where 94 were killed.
These tactics were also used by the Soviets, such as when they blew up their own people at a border post as an excuse to start the Winter War with Finland in 1939. The result of this was that Finland fought with the Nazis in the Second World War.
In the past few years, with Kremlin manipulation of internet search results, factual reports of the apartment bombing incidents are harder to come by. Just like with news about anything else (e.g. Ukraine), these days top English-language (and Spanish and French etc.) Google results usually link to sites like RT (Russia Today), Tass, and Sputnik – all of them Kremlin-backed propaganda agencies.
The details of the photograph note:
In the photograph are George B. Cortelyou, Roosevelt’s future secretary of Commerce and Labor, on Roosevelt’s right, and William Craig, the first Secret Service agent ever killed in the line of duty, on the far right in the photograph.
Craig died five days later. Roosevelt was President from September 1901 to March 1909.
Rose Mary Woods, secretary to doomed US President Richard Nixon, died on the 22nd of January, 2005 at the age of eighty-seven. The Ohio-born woman who lost her fiancé in the Second World War is infamous for her part in the 1970s Watergate scandal that eventually resulted in Nixon’s resignation.
Woods can be seen above demonstrating the so-called “Rose Mary Stretch”. She claimed this was how potentially incriminating tapes connected to the Watergate scandal were “accidentally” deleted.
Nixon ended up resigning over the scandal before he could be impeached.
At the singer’s request, rock and roll icon Elvis Presley met US President Richard Nixon in the Oval Office of the White House on the 21st of December, 1970.
Because of the tapes involved in Watergate, this photo is now sometimes captioned:
The two greatest recording artists of the 20th century.
This photograph, dated the 22nd of October, 1973 shows people demonstrating in Washington D.C., calling for the impeachment of US President Richard Nixon.
This was less than two weeks after the resignation of Vice President Agnew because of criminal charges of bribery, tax evasion and money laundering. Agnew was later convicted.
Nixon resigned in August of 1974 to avoid almost certain impeachment.
An anti-fascist march in Leicester, England on the 24th of August, 1974. Communists are amongst those in the protest.
These images, taken by Oliver F. Atkins on the 9th of August, 1974, show US President Richard Nixon leaving the White House after resigning. The resignation came into effect shortly after.
The recovered wreckage in 2007. X
On the 27th of June, 1980, Aerolinee Itavia Flight 870 disappeared from the sky during a flight from Bologna to Palermo, Italy.
The plane crashed into the Tyrrhenian Sea, killing all eighty-one people on board.
While it was concluded by British investigators that a bomb on the aircraft caused the disaster, to this day Italian officials insist a missile was fired at the plane.
The disaster occurred in the middle of a wave of terrorist acts to hit Italy (such as the Bologna Bombing), fuelled by far left and right-wing groups in the country’s north.
U.S. President Calvin Coolidge signed a bill granting Indians full citizenship on the 2nd of June, 1924. He is photographed here with four Osage Indians.