This 1837 painting by Mikhail Lermontov depicts Russian Guard Hussars attacking Warsaw, Poland on the 7th of September, 1831. The original date given was the 26th of August, as the Russian Empire followed the old calendar.
The Battle of Warsaw was part of the Polish–Russian War of 1830–31 (otherwise known as the November Uprising). Tens of thousands were killed in the battle that resulted in the defeat of Polish uprising and victory for the Russians.
The Khodynka Tragedy was a deadly stampede that happened during coronation celebrations for Russia’s last emperor, Nicholas II, in 1896.
Falling on the 18th of May on the old calendar (which equates to the 30th of May on the new calendar), 1389 people were trampled or suffocated to death when panic broke out in a crowd of many thousands.
Evidence of the tragedy was cleared away before many at the event in Moscow became aware of it, and Nicholas and his wife Alexandra continued with their schedule, including attending a ball with French diplomats that evening. It was decided it was more important to have good relations with the French than to appease the people of the Russian Empire.
The minor imperial response to the disaster did no favours for the family’s public image.
Russian police file on Joseph Stalin
On the 26th of June, 1907, armed Bolsheviks stole a bank cash shipment in Tiflis (now Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia). Using bombs and guns, the attackers surrounded military and police in Yerevan (now Freedom) Square.
Amongst those involved in organising the robbery were future Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin, and Vladimir Lenin.
Forty people were killed and fifty others were injured in the attack.
Yerevan Square in the 19th century. X
The equivalent of millions of dollars were stolen, but in the end much of the money could not be used to fund Bolshevik activities, as the banknotes’ serial numbers were known to authorities.
A symbolic painting of the aftermath of the uprising.
On the 22nd of January, 1863, people of present-day Poland, Ukraine, Lithuania, Belarus and Latvia rose up against rule by the Russian Empire.
The uprising would last into the following year, and would result in Russia harshly punishing those captured.
The Battle of Tsushima was a major sea battle in the Russo-Japanese War, fought from the 27th to the 28th of May, 1905. This was the first naval battle in which radio played an important part.
It was won by Japan.
The Russo-Japanese War was a struggle between Russia and Japan for land and power in the East, begun in February 1904 and won by Japan in September of 1905.
Illegal and legal versions of the same prayer book.
Imposed by the Russian Empire, Lithuanian language publication in Lithuania was banned for some forty years, and finally lifted on the 24th of April, 1904.
This was one of many attempts to stop the rise of nationalism throughout the non-Russian regions of the Russian Empire.
The ban made it illegal to print, import, distribute or possess any publications in the Latin alphabet.