On this day: the execution of Seraphim Chichagov


In prison in 1937 X

Seraphim Chichagov, a bishop of the Russian Orthodox Church in Saint Petersburg (named Leningrad under Soviet rule), was executed by firing squad on the 11th of December, 1937.

He was one of more than 20 000 political prisoners executed at Butovo firing range outside Moscow during Stalin’s Great Purge of 1936-38.

Aged eighty-one at the time of his execution, Seraphim was ill and had lost most of his mobility. When he was arrested in his home on charges of spreading “monarchist propaganda”, Russian authorities had to carry him to prison on a stretcher.

On this day: The beginning of the February Revolution in 1917

Arrest and escorting plainclothes policemen. Petrograd. 1917.

Armed workers and soldiers escorting captured policemen.

Part of the Russian Revolution, the February Revolution began in Petrograd, modern day Saint Petersburg on the 23rd of February, 1917. This was the day the first protests were held, though depending on which calendar you follow, it could be said the revolution began on the 8th of March.

A demonstration of workers from the Putilov plant in Petrograd (modern day St. Peterburg), Russia, during the February Revolution. The left banner reads misspelt Feed plural imperative the children of the defen

A demonstration of workers from the Putilov plant.

The revolution led to the abdication of the Tsar and the end of the Russian Empire.