112 people were killed when the City of Glasgow – an express train from Perth, Scotland – crashed into the back of a local passenger train at rush hour. The wreckage covered other rail lines, resulting in a third train – another express – to crash.
The wrecked City of Glasgow.
In addition to over a hundred deaths, 340 other people were injured, with 88 transported to hospital for treatment.
An investigation found that the driver of the Perth train missed three signals before crashing, but as those involved were killed, the reason for this was never discovered.
On the 9th of August, 1867 sudden subsidence at Brandy Hole Viaduct caused a train to derail.
The location of the disaster was Bray Head, County Wicklow, Ireland. Four people died and twenty-five were injured.
The report into the disaster was published a few weeks later, and can be found in full HERE.
“The train to which this accident happened was the up train leaving Enniscorthy for Dublin, at 6.30 a.m. It consisted of an engine and tender, six carriages, of which the first was fitted with a break, and a guard’s break van. A porter acting as guard rode in this van at the rear of the train. It left Delgany about its proper time, 9.5 a.m., and was travelling slowly round Bray Head in obedience to orders which had been given to all drivers, and had nearly reached this wooden viaduct (called Brabazon corner in the details supplied by the engineer (the late Mr. Brunel), previous to the opening of the line in October 1855), when the acting guard says he got a knock in his van, looked out of the window, and saw the carriages hopping on the rails, and then he put on his break.”
On the 15th of November, 1875, nine people were killed in a head-on collision between two trains travelling between Linköping and Vikingstad in Sweden. The accident occurred just after one in the morning. Signalling confusion meant two trains were accidentally travelling towards each other on a single track.
The wreck is seen in a photograph taken a few days after the accident.
Occurring about one kilometre out Violet Town in the state of Victoria, the accident happened when the driver of the passenger train, the Southern Aurora, had a heart attack and collided with a freight train.
Nine people died and forty were injured. The driver of the other train was one of the people killed, though he tried to take cover in the engine room.