Otto Witte – a German circus performer – claimed he was crowned King of Albania on the 13th of August, 1913.
When Albania broke free of the Ottoman Empire and Serbian occupation, a Muslim prince named Halim Eddine was invited to be crowned king. Witte apparently bore a strong resemblance to the prince, and claimed to have gone in his place.
Halim Eddine did not exist.
There are not facts to back Witte’s claims, but it did not stop him becoming famous in Germany, where he also claimed to be the founder of a political party – that also did not exist.
On the 7th of October, 1571, the Holy League destroyed Ottoman Empire forces in the Battle of Lepanto.
The coalition, made up of European Catholic maritime forces and organised by Pope Pius V, met the Turkish forces sailing west at the Gulf of Corinth, Greece.
The battle concluded at about 4pm.
The Holy League lost around 7500 soldiers, sailors and rowers, but they freed about as many Christian prisoners. The Ottomans lost around 15000, and at least 3500 were taken prisoner.
Australian and New Zealand soldiers land in Turkey on what will go on to become Anzac Day.
Anzac Beach at 8am on 25 April 1915. Men from the Australian 4th Battalion (1st Brigade) and Jacob’s 26th Indian Mountain Battery are seen landing. The men in the foreground belong to the 1st Brigade staff. At the water’s edge is the body of Sapper R. Reynolds, one of the first men to be killed at Gallipoli.
Photographer: L-Cpl. Arthur Robert Henry Joyner (1st Division Signal Company, killed 5 December 1916 at Bazentin, Somme).
The Great Fire of Smyrna destroyed much of Smyrna (known as İzmir today) in September 1922. It began on the 13th and was more or less extinguished by the 22nd of September. It effectively marked the end of the Greco-Turkish War.
The city on fire. 14th September. 0600 AM.
At the outbreak of the fire, up to 400 000 Greek and Armenian refugees were forced to remain on the waterfront while Turkish troops committed massacres.
The death toll from the fire is disputed, but Greek and Armenian deaths are placed somewhere between 50 000 and 100 000.