Eastern Catholics and Orthodox Christians celebrate Easter according to the old calendar. In 2018, Good Friday falls on the 6th of April.
This is an old Ukrainian Easter postcard by Oleg Kovalenko.
This 1887 painting of Ukrainian Easter is by Mykola Pymonenko.
Easter in Ukraine is a very significant holiday, with celebrations stretching long before and after the traditional Easter weekend. Ukrainians take baskets to church to be blessed, loaded with traditional foods and decorated with embroidery, candles, and the world-famous pysanky, the hand-painted eggs.
Before, during, and after the Second World War, Ukrainians resisted (often in underground organisations), occupation by both Russia and Germany, as well as military aggression from others including Hungary and Romania. Additionally, the west of Ukraine was under Polish rule before the Soviets invaded. The region suffered heavily during Operation Barbarossa.
These vintage Ukrainian Easter cards are from that turbulent time – note the rifle carried by the man on the horse.
The writing is the typical Easter message for Ukraine, and translates to ‘Christ is Risen’.
American professor Timothy Snyder is a good place to start for information on the most overlooked aspect of the war, particularly his book Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin.
The Adoration of the Shepherds, (Поклоніння пастухів). A Ukrainian religious painting taken from an iconostasis, and dated between 1650 and 1700.
The 6th of January is Christmas Eve for Ukrainians of all Christian denominations.
The main Christmas celebrations take place at this time.
This Ukrainian Easter card was created by Jacques Hnizdovsky in the 1950s.