On this day: Chicago’s “L” Under Construction

The “L” – short for Chicago’s elevated train system – is seen here under construction on the 22nd of September, 1968.

19680922_01_CTA_Sox_35th_station_under_constructionSox–35th is a station on the Chicago Transit Authority's 'L' system, located in Chicago, Illinois. 22nd September 1968

The first image is of work underway on Sox–35th station.

19680922_12_Dan_Ryan_L_construction_@_69th_St Chicago Transit Authority's 'L' system, located in Chicago, Illinois. 22nd September 1968

The second image is of work on 69th Street.

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On this day: Martin Luther King is Stabbed

http___a_amz_mshcdn_com_wp-content_uploads_2016_01_mlkstabbing-7Izola Curry under arrest after stabbing Martin Luther King in the chest 20th September 1958.

Izola Curry under arrest.

On the 20th of September, 1958 a woman by the name of Izola Curry approached US civil rights activist Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. in Blumstein’s Department Store in Harlem, New York. After confirming the man she was speaking to was King, she stabbed him in the chest with an ivory handled letter opener. It was also discovered Curry had a gun hidden in her bra.

The crime was considered especially unusual as Curry was African American.

Izola Curry http___a_amz_mshcdn_com_wp-content_uploads_2016_01_mlkstabbing-3On Sept. 20, 1958, 29-year-old Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was in Blumstein_s Department Store in Harlem.

Being treated with the blade still in his chest.

The blade was so close to King’s aorta that it was feared he’d die if he moved suddenly. The weapon was removed via surgery.

Izola Curry http___a_amz_mshcdn_com_wp-content_uploads_2016_01_mlkstabbing-3On Sept. 20, 1958, 29-year-old Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. in hospital with wife Coretta 30th September 1958

With his wife Coretta in hospital on the 30th of September.

Curry was committed to a mental institution, and continued to live in various facilities until her death at the age of ninety-eight in 2015.

More information can be found HERE and HERE.

Eighty Years Ago: Australia’s Women’s National Emergency Legion is Formed

Horsewoman in the Australian Women’s Emergency Legion. September 1939. X

The Women’s National Emergency Legion, an auxiliary organisation in Australia during the Second World War, was formed in September of 1938.

Based in Brisbane, Queensland, only women of British origin were allowed to join.

Article from The Morning Bulletin. Rockhampton. 18 November 1938.

Women considered eligible were provided with training in areas considered necessary to the war effort, such as first aid and truck driving.

Miss Tony Mitchell at Somerville House in Brisbane, 1942. Mitchell drove cars and trucks for the US Army. X

When war broke out in the Pacific at the end of 1941 women were attached to US military units to work as drivers and clerks. They also worked for British and Dutch units based in Australia.

The organisation ceased operations a couple of years after the end of the war.

On this day: the end of the United States Army Air Forces

Oer_the_ramparts_we_watch WW2 U.S. propaganda poster. Title O'er the ramparts we watch United States Army Air Forces. Size 63 × 48 cm (24.8 × 18.8 in). Signed and dated bottom left Sc

Propaganda recruitment poster dated 1944.

The United States Army Air Forces, the aerial warfare service used by the Americans in the Second World War, was officially disbanded on the 18th of September, 1947. Unlike some other nations, the United States had no separate air force at the time.

Women's Army Corps, Randolph Field, Texas, 1944.

Women’s Army Corps members at Randolph Field, Texas in 1944. X

The Forces, formed in 1941, the year the US entered the war, had been steadily diminished in size after the surrender of Japan in 1945. The service was replaced by the new and independent Air Force soon afterwards.

The_Sandman_a_B-24_Liberator,_piloted_by_Robert_SternfelsWorld War II shows The Sandman, piloted by Robert Sternfels, as it emerges from a pall of smoke during the TIDALWAVE mission Roma

1943 bombing campaign against oil fields in Romania.

During the war the USAAF took part in campaigns against both Nazi Germany and its allies, and in the Pacific.

On this day: the Surrender of Japan

(Color) Surrender of Japan, Tokyo Bay, 2 September 1945

2nd September 1945: This photograph, taken on board the USS Missouri, shows Japanese representatives taking part in a ceremony to formalise Japan’s surrender in the Second World War.

The document of surrender, signed on this day, ended the war.

On this day: a President on Tour

Theodore Roosevelt, during his New England tour, at Lake Sunapee in New Hampshire. 29th August 1902

29th August 1902: US President Theodore Roosevelt visits Lake Sunapee in the state of New Hampshire.

The details of the photograph note:

In the photograph are George B. Cortelyou, Roosevelt’s future secretary of Commerce and Labor, on Roosevelt’s right, and William Craig, the first Secret Service agent ever killed in the line of duty, on the far right in the photograph.

Craig died five days later. Roosevelt was President from September 1901 to March 1909.