On this day…

King Prajadhipok signs the Constitution of Siam on the 10th of December, 1932.

Siam is now known as Thailand.

Prajadhipok's_coronation_records_-_001 King Prajadhipok signing the Constitution of Siam, 10 December 1932.

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On this day: the death of a war photographer

Ralph Morse, an American photographer for Life magazine, and war correspondent in Britain in the 1940s, died in Florida on the 7th of December, 2014 at the age of ninety-seven.

American soldier and his English girlfriend on lawn in Hyde Park, London, 1944. Photograph By Ralph Morse.

Amongst his popular photographs were those of American soldiers stationed in England during the Second World War alongside their local girlfriends. The image above was taken in London’s Hyde Park in 1944 in the buildup to D-Day. Interestingly, the American soldier is clearly wearing a wedding ring on his left hand.

On this day: the Christmas season during the war

The_British_Army_in_North-west_Europe_1944-45_B12586'St Nicholas' arrives on a Sherman ARV as part of St Nicholas Day celebrations in Rucphen, near Roosendaal in Holland, 6 December 1944

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6th December 1944: Only weeks after the region’s liberation from Nazi occupation, the British Army takes part in a Saint Nicholas Day event in Rucphen, near Roosendaal in the Netherlands.

On this day: war in the Netherlands

A soldier of 6th King's Own Scottish Borderers, 15th (Scottish) Division, searches wrecked buildings in Blerick, a suburb of Venlo in Holland, 5 December 1944. second World war Two Black

From the collection of the Imperial War Museum

5th December 1944: A soldier of 6th King’s Own Scottish Borderers, 15th (Scottish) Division, searches destroyed buildings in the suburb of Blerick in the Dutch city of Venlo.

The city was the location of the Venlo Incident, which Hitler used as his excuse to invade the Netherlands in 1940, and the war saw the destruction of many of the city’s historic structures.

New South Wales 80 Years Ago

Australian_Iron_and_Steel,_Port_Kembla-_26th_November_1937_(18894130203)Aerial view of Australian Iron and Steel factory in Port Kembla

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This aerial photograph, dated the 26th of November, 1937, shows the industrial region of Port Kembla, in New South Wales, Australia. The Australian Iron and Steel factory (opened 1928) can be seen.

Today, Port Kembla is part of the coastal city of Wollongong.

On this day: A Kamikaze Attack

The U.S. Navy aircraft carrier USS Essex (CV-9) is hit on the flight deck amidships by a Japanese Kamikaze, during operations off the Philippines, 25 November 1944.

25th November 1944: This photograph captures the image a kamikaze hit the American USS Essex in the Second Wold War. Fifteen people were killed and fourteen injured.

Yokosuka D4Y3 (Type 33) Judy in a suicide dive against the USS Essex (CV-9), 1256 hours, November 25, 1944. Flaps are extended, the burning non-self-sealing port wing tank of the Yokosuk

An image of the Japanese plane on its suicide attack was also captured.

The Essex survived the attack and was repaired enough to be put back into service by December. The ship went on to be used in three tours during the Korean War.

On this day: April Fool was released

The film April Fool was released in the United States on the 21st of November, 1920. The image below of Northern Irish actress Thelma Percy (younger sister of Eileen Percy), one of the stars, appeared in the Exhibitors Herald the day before.

Only a fragment of the film – a gag featuring a wallet – is known to have survived.

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April_Fool_(1920)_-_1Still from the American comedy short film April Fool (1920) with Thelma Percy held up by two unidentified actresses, on page 36 of the November 20, 1920 Exhibitors H