On this day…

Freed Korean “Comfort Women” – women forced to work as sex slaves for the Empire of Japan during the Second World War – talk to US soldiers in a photograph dated the 14th of August, 1944.

It is estimated that hundreds of thousands of women from Asia, as well as several hundred from the Netherlands and Australia, were treated this way.

Captured_comfort_women_in_Myitkyina_on_August_14_in_1944 Comfort Women - women forced to work as sex slaves for the Empire of Japan - after being freed by US soldiers. 14th August 1944. X

Here is the official caption of the photograph:

“Three Korean “comfort girls” (captured in Burma), photographed while being interrogated by Capt. Won Loy Chan (San Francisco, California), Tech. Sgt. Robert Honda (Hawaii) and Sgt. Hirabayashi (Seattle, Washington), all of the G-2 Myitkyina Task Force of the U.S. Army.”

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On this day: Australian soldiers in France

10th August 1916: Australian infantry soldiers march towards their rest billet after fighting in the Battle of Pozières – part of the much larger First World War Battle of the Somme in France.

The Battle of Pozières, where Empire forces from Britain and Australia fought the Germans, resulted in a British victory.

The Brigade suffered 1898 casualties in the fighting between 25th of July and the 7th of August. Australian war historian Charles Bean wrote that Pozières ridge “is more densely sown with Australian sacrifice than any other place on earth”.

From the collection of the Australian War Memorial, Canberra.

Australian_6th_Brigade_marching_Somme_(AWM_EZ0092)10th August 1916 First World War One Near Warloy Somme Australian Infantry marching to their rest billets after fighting at Battle of Po

On this day: Images from the Battle of the Somme

The Battle of the Somme, one of the bloodiest battles in recorded history, was fought between July and November, 1916 as part of the First World War. The armies of Britain, France, and their empires fought the German Empire.

These images by famed British war photographer Ernest Brooks are dated the 10th of August.

King George V inspecting a German dug-out near Fricourt, 10th August 1916.

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The_Battle_of_the_Somme,_July-november_1916_Q970King George V inspecting a German dug-out near Fricourt, 10th August 1916.

Captured 15 cm (150 mm) Ringkanone 92 German gun near Mametz Wood, 10th August 1916.

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The_Battle_of_the_Somme,_July-november_1916_Q1044

German observation post in Trones Wood.

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The_Battle_of_the_Somme,_July-november_1916_Q862German observation post in Trones Wood, 10th August 1916. The Battle of the Somme. Ernest Brooks.

The Royal cars passing through a village on the journey from Chateau Bryas to Franvillers, passing a battalion of the Worcestershire Regiment on the march.

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The_Battle_of_the_Somme,_July-november_1916_Q952The Royal cars pass through a village from Chateau Bryas to Franvillers, passing a battalion of the Worcestershire Regiment on the march,

On this day: British troops near Ypres

The Battle of Passchendaele. British troops photographed 9th August, 1917. Belgium. First World War. By John Warwick Brooke.

This photograph by John Warwick Brooke, dated the 9th of August, 1917, shows British troops involved in the Battle of Passchendaele (also known as the Third Battle of Ypres) in Belgium. The battle lasted for over three months, from the end of July to November.

Note the camouflage materials on the back of one of the wagons.

On this day: Public Executions in Poland

Following the Nazi invasion of Poland on the 1st of September, 1939, German occupation of cities across the region was fast.

Bydgoszcz was occupied on the 9th of September, and roundups and public executions of civilians followed immediately.

These images show people – including a priest – soon to be killed, as well as random civilians the moment before they were executed.

On this day: Australia joins the war

A First World War One Australian propaganda poster by Norman Lindsay. Lindsay_quick

A World War One Australian propaganda poster by Norman Lindsay.

On the 4th of August, 1914, Britain declared war on Germany. As part of the British Empire, Australia – who had already begun war preparations – immediately became involved in the conflict.

Nearly 422 000 Australians – of a population of less than 5 million – served in the military during the First World War. More than half of them were killed or wounded.

On this day: the bombing of Romania

The_Sandman_a_B-24_Liberator,_piloted_by_Robert_SternfelsWorld War II shows The Sandman, piloted by Robert Sternfels, as it emerges from a pall of smoke during the TIDALWAVE mission Roma

US bomber The Sandman, piloted by Robert Sternfels, emerges from a cloud of smoke in Ploiești, Romania on the 1st of August, 1943.

Romania aligned itself with Nazi Germany during the Second World War, and participated in the invasion of the Soviet Union.

Consolidated B-24

Ploiești was the main Allied target in the country, as it was the main site of Romania’s oil industry. The attack was named Operation Tidal Wave.